Professor Eric J Palmiere

BS MS PhD CEng

Department of Materials Science and Engineering

Professor of Metallurgy and Thermomechanical Processing

Professor Eric Palmiere
e.j.palmiere@sheffield.ac.uk
+44 114 222 5978

Full contact details

Professor Eric J Palmiere
Department of Materials Science and Engineering
Sir Robert Hadfield Building
Mappin Street
Sheffield
S1 3JD
Profile

Eric Palmiere joined the Department in June 1997 from the University of Pittsburgh, USA, where he was an Assistant Professor from 1993-97. He is the Director of the Thermomechanical Processing Laboratory and the Course Director for Advanced Metallurgy (MMet) and Aerospace Materials (MSc) postgraduate courses.

Research interests

Professor Palmiere's research involves the microstructural evolution (utilising experimental techniques together with modelling techniques), and the subsequent development of mechanical properties during the thermomechanical processing of both ferrous and nonferrous alloys. In his research, a wide range of mechanical tests are employed, including laboratory simulations of industrial metalworking processes, e.g. rolling, forging, extrusion etc.

Additionally, this research relies upon the quantitative characterisation of microstructure using a number of different techniques including light, scanning and transmission electron microscopy. This work has led to empirical relationships between deformation processing parameters (e.g., temperature, strain, strain rate and interpass delay time) and the resultant microstructure for a given alloy composition. Although a number of alloy systems including aluminium alloys, metal matrix composites (MMCs), titanium aluminides and permanent magnetic materials have been studied, the focus is primarily on ferrous alloys such as stainless, microalloyed steels and associated model alloy steels.

His work on the thermodynamic behaviour of NbC, and of its subsequent precipitation behaviour in microalloyed austenite has been recognised internationally, with the award of the Charles Hatchett Prize from the Institute of Materials (1995). He is particularly interested in developing a basic understanding between those softening (i.e., recovery, recrystallisation) and strengthening (i.e., solid solution, precipitation) mechanisms which occur either in austenite or in ferrite.


Key projects:

  • Characterisation and modelling of strain-induced precipitation in steels
  • Development of constitutive behaviour during moderate strain rate testing of steels at hot and warm working temperatures
  • Influence of processing parameters and strain path on the microstructural evolution of pipeline steels X70 and X100
  • Assessment and characterisation of friction effects during multipass hot deformation
  • Deformation induced ferrite transformation leading to ultra-fine ferrite microstructures
  • Influence of processing parameters on microstructure during friction stir welding of HSLA steels
  • Development of hot band microstructures in dual phase steels
  • Modelling the nucleation, growth and coarsening kinetics of ″ during the heat treatment of Ni-based alloys
  • Microstructural evolution during the thermomechanical processing of Ni-based alloys

Research Group:

  • S. Cater (PhD Student)
  • M. Kirkham (PhD Student)
  • M.M. Mangas (EngD Student, British Steel)
  • C.A. Martin (PhD Student, joint with Prof. M.G. Burke, Manchester University)
  • E.P. Martinez (PhD Student)
  • I.J. Moore (PhD Student, joint with Prof. M.G. Burke, Manchester University)
  • B. Rakshe (PhD Student)
  • L.F. Romano Acosta (PhD Student)
  • J.I. Taylor (EngD Student, British Steel)
  • K. Muszka (Research Associate)
  • Dean Haylock (Technician, Thermomechanical Processing Laboratory)
Publications

Books

  • Palmiere (2012) Recrystallization and Grain Growth IV. Trans Tech Publication. RIS download Bibtex download
  • Palmiere EJ (2003) International Conference on Thermomechanical Processing: Mechanics, Microstructure & Control. RIS download Bibtex download

Edited books

  • Palmiere EJ & Wynne BP (Ed.) (2012) Recrystallization and Grain Growth IV. Trans Tech Publications inc. RIS download Bibtex download

Journal articles

Chapters

Conference proceedings papers

  • Rakshe B, Patel J & Palmiere EJ (2016) Softening Kinetics of Plain Carbon Steels Containing Dilute Nb Additions. Materials Science Forum, Vol. 879 (pp 1546-1551), 29 May 2016 - 3 June 2016. View this article in WRRO RIS download Bibtex download
  • Zhao H, Gray JM & Palmiere EJ (2016) Effect of Austenite Deformation and Continuous Cooling on Microstructure Evolution in a Pipeline Steel (pp 775-781) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Cui Z, Patel J & Palmiere EJ (2016) Thermomechanical Processing of Structural Steels with Dilute Niobium Additions (pp 281-287) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Muszka K, Kwiecień M, Majta J & Palmiere EJ (2016) Comparative Analysis of Precipitation Effects in Microalloyed Austenite and Ferrite Under Hot and Cold Forming Conditions (pp 253-259) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Palmiere EJ (2016) The Use of Model Systems Based on Fe-30 wt%Ni for Investigating the Precipitation and Transformation Behaviour of Microalloyed Austenite (pp 1095-1101) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Muszka K, Sroka J, Sun L, Wynne B & Palmiere E (2016) On the use of model alloys as a way to understand the effects of complex deformation conditions on austenite microstructure evolution during hot metal forming processes. Advances in Materials and Processing Technologies, Vol. 2(1) (pp 143-151) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Muszka K, Sitko M, Perzynski K, Madej L & Palmiere EJ (2014) Multiscale modeling of static recrystallization during multi-pass hot rolling. Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition 2014, MS and T 2014, Vol. 2 (pp 1319-1326) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Han SY, Higginson RL & Palmiere EJ (2007) The effect of grain size and rolling reduction on the texture development of a metastable austenitic stainless steel. Recrystallization and Grain Growth III, Pts 1 and 2, Vol. 558-559 (pp 195-200) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Omar MZ, Atkinson HV, Palmiere EJ, Howe AA & Kapranos P (2006) Viscosity - shear rate relationship during the thixoforming of HP9/4/30 steel. SEMI-SOLID PROCESSING OF ALLOYS AND COMPOSITES, Vol. 116-117 (pp 677-680) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Sellars CM & Palmiere EJ (2005) Modelling strain induced precipitation of niobium carbonitride during multipass deformation of austenite. MICROALLOYING FOR NEW STEEL PROCESSES AND APPLICATIONS, Vol. 500-501 (pp 3-14) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Poths RM, Rainforth WM & Palmiere EJ (2005) Strain induced precipitation in model and conventional microalloyed steels during thermomechanical processing. MICROALLOYING FOR NEW STEEL PROCESSES AND APPLICATIONS, Vol. 500-501 (pp 139-145) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Das S, Palmiere EJ & Howard IC (2004) Modelling recrystallisation during thermomechanical processing using CAFE. RECRYSTALLIZATION AND GRAIN GROWTH, PTS 1 AND 2, Vol. 467-470 (pp 623-628) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Bai F, Cizek P, Palmiere EJ & Rainforth WM (2004) Characteristics of the deformed and recrystallised grains obtained after hot plane strain compression of a model Fe-30wt%Ni alloy. RECRYSTALLIZATION AND GRAIN GROWTH, PTS 1 AND 2, Vol. 467-470 (pp 21-26) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Yu W, Wright CD, Banks SP & Palmiere EJ (2003) Cellular automata method for simulating microstructure evolution. IEE PROCEEDINGS-SCIENCE MEASUREMENT AND TECHNOLOGY, Vol. 150(5) (pp 211-213) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Poths RM, Rainforth WM & Palmiere EJ (2003) Investigating precipitation in microalloyed austenite during thermomechanical processing. THERMEC'2003, PTS 1-5, Vol. 426-4 (pp 1255-1260) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Palmiere EJ (2001) Metallography Via Deformation Simulations. Quantitative Microscopy of High Temperature Materials (pp 445-452). London, 22 November 1999 - 24 November 1999. RIS download Bibtex download
  • Palmiere EJ, Sellars CM & Subramanian SV (2001) Modelling of thermomechanical rolling. NIOBIUM: SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY (pp 501-526) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Poths RM, Higginson RL & Palmiere EJ (2001) A study of the dissolution and precipitation of microalloy elements in HSLA steels. ELECTRON MICROSCOPY AND ANALYSIS 2001(168) (pp 207-210) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Poths RM, Higginson RL & Palmiere EJ (2001) The effect of carbonitride precipitation on the recrystallisation kinetics of microalloyed steel during thermomechanical processing. RECRYSTALLIZATION AND GRAIN GROWTH, VOLS 1 AND 2 (pp 785-790) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Das S, Palmiere EJ & Howard IC (2001) Interfacial modelling of hot rolling: A probabilistic approach. COMPUTATIONAL MODELING OF MATERIALS, MINERALS AND METALS PROCESSING (pp 613-622) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Palmiere EJ, Han SY & Higginson RL (2000) Effect of Hot Band Grain Size on Recrystallisation and Texture in an Austenitic Stainless Steel. Conference of Metallurgists (pp 727-736). Toronto, 22 August 2000 - 24 August 2000. RIS download Bibtex download
  • Palmiere EJ, Yu W & Banks SP (2000) Cellular Automata Modelling of Austenite Grain Coarsening During Reheating. Thermomechanical Processing of Steels (pp 186-193). London, 24 May 2000 - 26 May 2000. RIS download Bibtex download
  • Palmiere EJ, Poths RM & Higginson RL (2000) Seeds, Sandwiches and Stones: Complex Precipitation in Microalloyed Steels. Thermomechanical Processing of Steels (pp 113-119). London, 24 May 2000 - 26 May 2000. RIS download Bibtex download
  • Palmiere EJ, Black MP & Rainforth WM (2000) Precipitation Behaviour of Nb(CN) in a Model Austenite During Thermomechanical Processing. Thermomechanical Processing of Steels (pp 177-185). London, 24 May 2000 - 26 May 2000. RIS download Bibtex download
  • Rainforth WM, Black MP, Poths RM, Higginson RL, Whiteman JA, Palmiere EJ & Sellars CM (1999) Determination of the distribution of NbC precipitates in novel microalloyed steels. ELECTRON MICROSCOPY AND ANALYSIS 1999(161) (pp 467-470) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Palmiere EJ, Garcia CI & DeArdo AJ (1998) Influence of processing conditions and alloy chemistry on the static recrystallisation of microalloyed austenite. PROCEEDINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON MICROALLOYING IN STEELS, Vol. 284-2 (pp 151-157) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Xu HQ & Palmiere EJ (1996) Particulate fracture during the thermomechanical processing of a SiCp/Al metal matrix composite. ALUMINIUM ALLOYS: THEIR PHYSICAL AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES, PTS 1-3, Vol. 217 (pp 1091-1096) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Palmiere EJ (1995) Precipitation Phenomena in Microalloyed Steels. Microalloying 95 (pp 307-320). Warrendale, PA, 11 June 1995 - 14 June 1995. RIS download Bibtex download
  • Palmiere EJ & Garcia CI (1993) Fundamental Aspects of the Physical Metallurgy of Thermomechanical Processing of HSLA Steels. Fortieth Sagamore Army Materials Research Conference on Metallic Materials for Lightweight Applications (pp 479-498). New York, December 1993. RIS download Bibtex download
  • PALMIERE EJ & CANTOR B (1993) MATRIX AND PARTICULATE FRACTURE DURING THE DEFORMATION OF A METAL-MATRIX COMPOSITE. ADVANCED COMPOSITES '93 (pp 1251-1257) RIS download Bibtex download
  • PALMIERE EJ, GARCIA CI & DEARDO AJ (1993) SUPPRESSION OF STATIC RECRYSTALLIZATION IN MICROALLOYED STEELS BY STRAIN-INDUCED PRECIPITATION. INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON LOW-CARBON STEELS FOR THE 90S (pp 121-130) RIS download Bibtex download
  • PALMIERE EJ, GARCIA CI & DEARDO AJ (1992) STATIC RECRYSTALLIZATION AND PRECIPITATION DURING THE HOT DEFORMATION OF AUSTENITE. PROCEEDINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON PROCESSING, MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROPERTIES OF MICROALLOYED AND OTHER MODERN HIGH STRENGTH LOW ALLOY STEELS (pp 113-133) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Palmiere EJ & Garcia CI (1990) Factors Controlling the Recrystallization-Stop Temperature in Hot Deformed Microalloyed Steels. 29th Conference of Metallurgists (pp 137-150). Hamilton, September 1990. RIS download Bibtex download
  • Palmiere EJ & Garcia CI (1989) Optimizing Strength and Toughness in Low Carbon Microalloyed Bar Products. Process Technology Conference Proceedings (pp 59-64). Warrendale, PA, 23 October 1988 - 26 October 1988. RIS download Bibtex download
  • Palmiere EJ, Burke MG & DeArdo AJ (1988) Precipitation in ULCB Steel During Ion-Nitriding: An APFIM/TEM Investigation. Phase Transformations 87. London, July 1987 - July 1987. RIS download Bibtex download
  • Palmiere EJ, Leber HJ & Garcia CI (1987) On The Strength Properties of Niobium-Bearing Low-Carbon Bainitic Forging Steels. Processing, Microstructure and Properties of HSLA Steels (pp 425-438). Warrendale, PA, 3 November 1987 - 5 November 1987. RIS download Bibtex download
  • Palmiere EJ, Burke MG & DeArdo AJ (1987) Precipitation During the Ion Nitriding of a Low Carbon Microalloyed Forging Steel. Processing, Microstructure and Properties of HSLA Steels (pp 439-456). Warrendale, PA, 3 November 1987 - 5 November 1987. RIS download Bibtex download
  • Palmiere EJ, Rakowski JM, Garcia CI, Meier GH & Pettit FS (1987) The Oxidation and Embrittlement of Ti-Al-Nb Alloys. High Temperature and Materials Science (pp 167-179). Materials Park, OH, October 1997. RIS download Bibtex download
  • Palmiere EJ & DeArdo AJ (1987) An Alternative Approach to the Alloy Design and Thermomechanical Processing of Low-Carbon Microalloyed Bar Products. Mechanical Working and Steel Processing Proceedings (pp 79-91). Warrendale, PA, 22 October 1987 - 25 October 1987. RIS download Bibtex download
  • Palmiere EJ & Burke MG (1987) A Combined TEM/APFIM Study of Precipitation in Ion-Nitrided Ultra-Low Carbon Bainitic Steel. Proceedings of the 45th Annual Meeting of the Electron Microscopy Society of America (pp 224-230). San Fransisco, August 1987. RIS download Bibtex download
  • Muszka K, Graca P, Simm T & Palmiere EJ () Study of the Effect of Cyclic Strain Reversal on the Interactions between SRX and PPT in the Microalloyed Austenite during Hot Rolling Process. Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 622-623 (pp 1023-1030) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Omar MZ, Atkinson HV, Palmiere EJ, Howe AA & Kapranos P () Viscosity–Shear Rate Relationship during the Thixoforming of HP9/4/30 Steel (pp 677-680) RIS download Bibtex download
Professional activities
  • Member, Board of Review for the journal Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A
  • Guest Editor, Special Issue on Microalloyed Steels, Materials Science and Technology
  • Member, IOM3 Bulk Metalforming Committee
  • Member, International Advisory Board, Intl. Conf. Series Recrystallisation and Grain Growth
  • Member, Executive Committee for Intl. Conf. Series THERMEC
  • Member, Scientific Advisory Committee, Intl. Conf. Series Thermomechanical Processing of Steels
  • Advisory Board, Australian Research Council