School of Health and Related Research
Professor of Econometrics
+44 114 222 9187
Full contact details
School of Health and Related Research
Regent Court (ScHARR)
30 Regent Street
I am an applied econometrician working mainly on health and disability issues. Before joining ScHARR as Professor of Health Econometrics, I was Director of Research at the Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER) at the University of Essex. I remain co-Director of the ESRC Research Centre on Micro-Social Change and am a member of the scientific leadership team of the Understanding Society household panel survey, both based at ISER.
- Research interests
I am currently involved in research projects in a number of health-related areas.
One is the distributional character of public policy for older disabled people, particularly the target efficiency of the social care / disability benefit system. This involves extending conventional measures of income inequality and poverty to take account of estimates of the personal costs of disability.
A second project looks at survey measurement of health, and particularly the use of blood-based biomarkers as health indicators for research on social science issues.
A third, MRC-funded, project in collaboration with Monica Hernandez and Allan Wailoo, is examining the statistical problems of integrating evidence on quality of life from different measurement instruments, such as EQ-5D, HUI and SF-6D.
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- Economic gradients in loneliness, social isolation and social support : evidence from the UK Biobank. Social Science & Medicine, 306.
- An International Comparison of EQ-5D-5L and EQ-5D-3L for Use in Cost-Effectiveness Analysis. Value in Health.
- Using biomarkers to predict healthcare costs: Evidence from a UK household panel. Journal of Health Economics. View this article in WRRO
- The EQ-5D-5L value set for England: Findings of a quality assurance program. Value in Health. View this article in WRRO
- Biomarkers as precursors of disability. Economics and Human Biology. View this article in WRRO
- intcount: A command for fitting count-data models from interval data. The Stata journal, 19(3), 645-666. View this article in WRRO
- The Impact of Moving from EQ-5D-3L to -5L in NICE Technology Appraisals. PharmacoEconomics. View this article in WRRO
- View this article in WRRO EQ5DMAP: a command for mapping between EQ-5D-3L and EQ-5D-5L. The Stata journal, 18(2), 395-415.
- Public support for older disabled people: evidence from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing on receipt of disability benefits and social care subsidy. Fiscal Studies. View this article in WRRO
- EQ-5D-5L versus EQ-5D-3L: The Impact on Cost-Effectiveness in the United Kingdom. Value in Health, 21(1), 49-56. View this article in WRRO
- Concordance of health states in couples: Analysis of self-reported, nurse administered and blood-based biomarker data in the UK Understanding Society panel. Journal of Health Economics, 56, 87-102. View this article in WRRO
- Econometric modelling of multiple self-reports of health states: The switch from EQ-5D-3L to EQ-5D-5L in evaluating drug therapies for rheumatoid arthritis. Journal of Health Economics, 55, 139-152. View this article in WRRO
- Bicop: A Command for Fitting Bivariate Ordinal Regressions with Residual Dependence Characterized by a Copula Function and Normal Mixture Marginals. The Stata Journal, 16(1), 159-184. View this article in WRRO
- Do household surveys give a coherent view of disability benefit targeting?: a multisurvey latent variable analysis for the older population in Great Britain. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society), 178(4), 815-836. View this article in WRRO
- Disability Costs and Equivalence Scales in the Older Population in Great Britain. Review of Income and Wealth, 61(3), 494-514.
- Birth-cohort trends in older-age functional disability and their relationship with socio-economic status: Evidence from a pooling of repeated cross-sectional population-based studies for the UK. Social Science & Medicine, 136-137, 1-9.
- The income gradient in childhood mental health: all in the eye of the beholder?. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society), 177(4), 807-827.
- CHILD MENTAL HEALTH AND EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT: MULTIPLE OBSERVERS AND THE MEASUREMENT ERROR PROBLEM. Journal of Applied Econometrics, 29(6), 880-900.
- Assessing the distributional impact of reforms to disability benefits for older people in the UK: implications of alternative measures of income and disability costs. Ageing and Society, 34(2), 232-257.
- Popularity. Journal of Human Resources, 48(4), 1072-1094.
- Attendance Allowance and Disability Living Allowance claimants in the older population: is there a difference in their economic circumstances?. Journal of Poverty and Social Justice, 20(2), 191-206.
- Survey Design and the Analysis of Satisfaction. Review of Economics and Statistics, 93(3), 1087-1093.
- Perception and retrospection: The dynamic consistency of responses to survey questions on wellbeing. Journal of Public Economics, 95(3-4), 300-310.
- drugs policy. Economic Policy, 165-211.
- Drugs policy: what should we do about cannabis?. Economic Policy, 25(61), 165-211.
- Estimating the Impact of a Policy Reform on Benefit Take-up: The 2001 extension to the Minimum Income Guarantee for UK Pensioners. Economica, 77(306), 234-254.
- Living standards and fertility in Indonesia: a Bayesian analysis. Giornale degli Economisti e Annali di Economia, 175-210.
- 2. Measurement Error in Stylized and Diary Data on Time Use. Sociological Methodology, 38(1), 101-132.
- The welfare cost of means-testing: pensioner participation in income support. Journal of Applied Econometrics, 22(3), 581-598. View this article in WRRO
- Measurement error in models of welfare participation. Journal of Public Economics, 91(1-2), 327-341.
- On the Economics of Illicit Drugs. De Economist, 154(4), 483-490.
- Poverty and Fertility Dynamics: A Comparative Analysis. Population Review, 45(2).
- Simulating the Reform of Means-tested Benefits with Endogenous Take-up and Claim Costs*. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 68(2), 135-166.
- Keeping off the grass? An econometric model of cannabis consumption in Britain. Journal of Applied Econometrics, 19(4), 435-453.
- The Take-Up of Multiple Means-Tested Benefits by British Pensioners: Evidence from the Family Resources Survey. Fiscal Studies, 25(3), 279-303.
- The Road to Ruin? Sequences of Initiation to Drugs and Crime in Britain. The Economic Journal, 113(486), C182-C198.
- . Economics of Planning, 35(1), 19-46.
- Poverty and social security in Bulgaria during transition. Economics of Planning, 19-46.
- Illicit drug use and labour market achievement: evidence from the UK. Applied Economics, 33(13), 1655-1668.
- Measuring the welfare costs of EU accession The case of VAT reform in Bulgaria. The Economics of Transition, 9(2), 281-314.
- Gender and Racial Discrimination in Pay and Promotion for NHS Nurses. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 62(s1), 801-835.
- The Wages of Sin? Illegal Drug Use and the Labour Market. Labour, 14(4), 657-673.
- Illicit drug use, unemployment, and occupational attainment. Journal of Health Economics, 19(6), 1089-1115.
- Gender, race, pay and promotion in the British nursing profession: estimation of a generalized ordered probit model. Journal of Applied Econometrics, 15(4), 367-399.
- Analysing drug abuse with British Crime Survey data: modelling and questionnaire design issues. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series C (Applied Statistics), 49(1), 95-117.
- The relationship between crime, punishment and economic conditions: is reliable inference possible when crimes are under‐recorded?. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society), 163(1), 81-97.
- A simple non-parametric test for the equality of auto-correlation structures of two stochastic processes, with application to experimental data. Annales de l'Institut de Statistique de l'Universite de Paris, 85-101.
- . Lifetime Data Analysis, 5(3), 213-237.
- On Some Statistical Methods for Modelling the Incidence of Poverty. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 61(3), 385-408.
- Effects of Feeding on the Circadian Rhythm of Ceratophyllus s. sciurorum (Siphonaptera: Ceratophyllidae). Journal of Vector Ecology, 24(1), 78-82.
- Effects of feeding on the circadian rhythm of Ceratophyllus s.sciurorum (Hexapoda: Siphonaptera). Journal of Vector Ecology, 78-82.
- Specification tests for random-effects transition models: an application to a model of the role of YTS in the youth labour market. Lifetime Data Analysis, 213-237.
- An Econometric Model of Farm Tenures in Fifteenth-Century Florence. Economica, 65(260), 535-556.
- The welfare of pensioners during economic transition: an analysis of Hungarian survey data. The Economics of Transition, 5(2), 395-426.
- State pensions and the welfare of pensioners during transition: an analysis of Hungarian household survey data. The Economics of Transition, 395-426.
- Occupational pensions and job mobility in Britain: Estimation of a random‐effects competing risks model. Journal of Applied Econometrics, 11(3), 293-320.
- Training Duration and Post-Training Outcomes: A Duration-Limited Competing Risks Model. The Economic Journal, 106(435), 422-422.
- Housing Reform in Urban China: Efficiency, Distribution and the Implications for Social Security. Economica, 62(246), 141-141.
- Income distribution and the reform of public housing in Hungary. The Economics of Transition, 3(1), 75-106.
- Earnings inequality in Hungary since 1988. The Economics of Transition, 2(1), 101-106.
- How reliable are microsimulation results?. Journal of Public Economics, 53(3), 327-365.
- Earnings inequality in Hungary: A comparative analysis of household and enterprise survey data. Economics of Planning, 27(3), 251-276.
- Unemployment in urban China: an analysis of survey data from Shanghai. Labour, 7(1), 93-123.
- Income and wealth inequality and the life cycle. A non-parametric analysis for China. Journal of Applied Econometrics, 8(3), 249-276.
- Unemployment in Urban China: an Analysis of Survey Data from Shanghai. Labour, 7(1), 93-124.
- Household survey data, econometrics and economic transition. Economics of Planning, 26(1), 55-80.
- A method for the analysis of the timing and magnitude of events in a continuous-time panel. Journal of Econometrics, 59(1-2), 161-185.
- A method for the joint analysis of the timing and magnitude of events in a continuous-time panel: the effects of British incomes policy 1950-73. Journal of Econometrics, 161-185.
- Alternative approaches to modelling individual transitions: the labour force participation of the wives of unemployed men in the UK. Statistica, 467-486.
- A model of female labour supply in the presence of hours restrictions. Journal of Public Economics, 41(2), 183-210.
- Estimating Engel Curves: A Generalisation of the P-Tobit Model (invited paper presented at the 1988 meeting of the Finnish Society for Economic Research). Finnish Economic Papers, 129-147.
- Personal Consumption, Gender and Marital Status: A Comment on Taylor-Gooby. Sociology, 20(1), 88-90.
- The identification of rational expectations models under structural neutrality. Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 4, 117-121.
- Estimating Latent Variable Systems When Specification is Uncertain: Generalized Component Analysis and the Eliminant Method. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 77(380), 883-883.
- Estimating Latent Variable Systems When Specification is Uncertain: Generalized Component Analysis and the Eliminant Method. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 77(380), 883-889.
- An Empirical Method of Approximating the Separable Structure of Consumer Preferences. The Review of Economic Studies, 48(4), 561-561.
- Instrumental Variable Estimation of a Characteristics Model of Demand. The Review of Economic Studies, 48(3), 417-417.
- Disaggregated Demand Analysis: The Estimation of a Class of Non-linear Demand Systems. The Review of Economic Studies, 47(5), 875-892.
- Mapping between EQ‐5D‐3L and EQ‐5D‐5L: A survey experiment on the validity of multi‐instrument data. Health Economics. View this article in WRRO
- Mapping clinical outcomes to generic preference-based outcome measures: development and comparison of methods. Health Technology Assessment, 24(34), 1-68. View this article in WRRO
- The dynamics of perception: modelling subjective wellbeing in a short panel. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society), 0(0), 071119202844004-???.
- Hours Constraints and In-Work Poverty. Bulletin of Economic Research, 57(3), 305-315.
- SPECIFICATION TESTS FOR THE COMPETING RISKS DURATION MODEL: AN APPLICATION TO UNEMPLOYMENT DURATION AND SECTORAL MOVEMENT. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 57(3), 323-347.
- Biomarkers, disability and health care demand. Economics and Human Biology.
- Market concentration, supply, quality and prices paid by Local Authorities in the English care home market. Health Economics.
- Measurement error in economic models of crime, Illicit Activity: The Economics of Crime, Drugs and Tax Fraud (pp. 39-59).
- Income tax evasion: An experimental approach, Illicit Activity: The Economics of Crime, Drugs and Tax Fraud (pp. 267-289).
- The victims of property crime, Illicit Activity: The Economics of Crime, Drugs and Tax Fraud (pp. 151-172).
- Measuring wellbeing - what you ask is what you get - or is it? In McFall SL (Ed.), Understanding Society: Findings (pp. 31-32). Colchester: Institute for Social and Economic Research, University of Essex.
- Econometric issues in the analysis of linked cross-section employer-worker surveys (pp. 461-487).
- Linked cross-section employer-worker surveys In Biffignandi S (Ed.), Micro- and Macrodata of Firms (pp. 509-540). Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag.
- Semi-parametric estimation of the company growth-size relation In Begg IG & Henry SGB (Ed.), Applied Economics and Public Policy (pp. 145-179). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Statistical reliability in microsimulation models with econometrically-estimated behavioural responses (pp. 473-503).
- Redistributive policy in a transition economy: the case of Hungary In Newberry DMG (Ed.), Tax and Benefit Reform in Central and Eastern Europe (pp. 49-84). London: Centre for Economic Policy research.
- Social security reform in urban China: The case of Shanghai (pp. 230-281).
- Rationing and consumer demand in China: simulating the effects of a reform of the urban food pricing system In Nolan P & Fan Q (Ed.), Chinese economic reform: the Costs and Benefits of Incrementalism (pp. 218-257). London: Macmillan.
- Constructing a computer model for simulating the future distribution of pensioners' incomes for Great Britain In Hancock RM & Sutherland H (Ed.), Microsimulation Models for Public Policy Analysis: New Frontiers (pp. 33-66). Suntory-Toyota International Centre for Economics and Related Disciplines
- The Statistical Reliability of Microsimulation Estimates Results for a UK Tax-benefit Model In Hancock RM & Sutherland H (Ed.), Microsimulation Models for Public Policy Analysis: New Frontiers (pp. 133-182). Suntory-Toyota International Centre for Economics and Related Disciplines
- On the estimation of Engel Curves In Myles G (Ed.), Measurement and modelling in economics (pp. 267-304). Amsterdam: New Holland.
- The Demand for Related Goods In Intriligator MD (Ed.), Frontiers of Quantitative Economics (pp. 87-101). Amsterdam: North Holland.
- Applying Heterogeneous Transition Models in Labour Economics: The Role of Youth Training in Labour Market Transitions, Analysis of Survey Data (pp. 245-274). John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
- Illicit Activity Routledge
- Concordance of health states in couples: Analysis of self-reported, nurse administered and blood-based biomarker data in the UK Understanding Society panel View this article in WRRO
- Copula-based modelling of self-reported health states: An application to the use of EQ-5D-3L and EQ-5D-5L in evaluating drug therapies for rheumatic disease
- Disability and poverty in later life
- Survey response behaviour and the dynamics of self-reported health and disability: an experimental analysis
- Review of the ONS initial measure for illegal drugs in the UK National Accounts
- Measuring poverty persistence with missing data: an application to Peru
- Nonparametric estimation of a compensating variation: the cost of disability
- Drug-related crime
- If at first you don't suceed? Fieldwork, panel attrition, and health-employment inferences in BHPS and HILDA
- In sickness and in health? Co-morbidity in older couples
- Licensing and regulation of the cannabis market in England and Wales: Towards a Cost-Benefit Analysis
- Two can live as cheaply as one ... but three's a crowd
- Can improving UK skill levels reduce poverty and income inequality by 2020?
- Longitudinal analysis of the Offending, Crime and Justice Survey 2003-06
- The Arrestee Survey Annual Report: Oct 2003 – Sept 2004
- Estimating the size of the UK illicit drugs market
- Measuring the harm from illegal drugs using the Drug Harm Index
- What should be the role of means-testing in state pensions?
- The Road to Ruin? Sequences of initiation into drug use and offending by young people in Britain
- Sizing the UK market for Illicit drugs
- Understanding the labour market: matching workers and employers using respondent-level data from government surveys
- Housing and housing reform in China, Hungary and the UK