Professor Andrew Lee
MB ChB MSc (Dist) MRCGP MFPH FHEA FRSPH DCH DTM&H DLSHTM CILT
Population Health, School of Medicine and Population Health
Professor of Public Health
+44 114 222 0872
Full contact details
Population Health, School of Medicine and Population Health
2037, 2nd Floor
Regent Court (ScHARR)
30 Regent Street
I joined the Section of Public Health in ScHARR in February 2008 and am a Professor of Public Health.
I qualified in medicine from the University of Edinburgh. Following paediatric and tropical medicine training, I then worked overseas running primary health care and tuberculosis control programmes in Afghanistan. I am dual trained in general practice and public health in the UK.
I have previously worked as a Public Health Consultant in Nottingham City, as a director of primary care and population health with the NHS, and as a Consultant in Communicable Disease Control with the Health Protection Agency, Public Health England and the UK Health Security Agency (UKHSA). In addition to my academic role, I am also currently a Senior Consultant in Global Health with the UKHSA.
Currently, I am the Co-Editor-in-Chief for Public Health, a journal of the Royal Society for Public Health.
- Research interests
My research interests are in the field of health protection (disaster response and emergency planning, control of communicable diseases), international health as well as health service management. My current and previous research projects include
- Medecins du Monde funded research collaboration with PHASE Nepal "Towards enhanced waste worker's health and safe waste management in the Kathmandu Valley" (September 2017 - 2019)
- ESRC-DFID Development Frontiers Research Fund Call 2 2016/17. Resilience policy-making in Nepal: giving voice to communities (ES/R000514/1). (July 2017 - 2018)
- OXFAM Humanitarian Evidence Programme: Investigating recovery, relapse and ‘drop-outs’ among children treated for severe-acute malnutrition in the humanitarian emergencies’ context – A systematic review of the evidence. (June 2015 – 2017)
- NIHR Policy Research Programme: Identifying and addressing barriers to healthcare access for Hepatitis B in UK Chinese populations. (CATH-B Chinese community Access to Treatment for Hepatitis B). (September 2013 – February 2016)
- NIHR-funded study (HTA - 11/46/07): The PAINTED study: PAndemic INfluenza Triage in the Emergency Department. (August 2012 – ongoing)
- NIHR-funded study (HS&DR - 11/1022/01): How can international evidence on interventions to manage referral from primary to specialist non-emergency care be applied in a UK context? Development of an inclusive systematic review and logic model. (November 2012 – November 2014)
- NIHR-funded study (HS&DR 09/1005/03): Emergency Planning in Health: Scoping study of the international literature, local information resources and key stakeholders. (November 2010 – November 2012)
- NIHR funded study: Evaluation of the implementation of pandemic preparedness plans during COVID-19 at the interface with infection prevention and control services in acute and community care. (2021-current)
- PHE funded study: Evidence review of the population health role of ambulance services in COVID-19. (2020-2021)
- PHE funded study: Evidence review for COVID19 Mass testing. (2020)
This person does not have any publications available.
- Integration of disease surveillance in the English context: a qualitative study. Public Health, 223, 67-71.
- Gender and caste inequalities in primary healthcare usage by under-5 children in rural Nepal: an iterative qualitative study into provider perspectives and the potential role of implicit bias. BMJ Open, 13.
- The roots of the healthcare crisis in England. Public Health, 219, 157-158.
- Ukraine refugee crisis: evolving needs and challenges. Public Health, 217, 41-45.
- The role of pandemic planning in the management of COVID-19 in England from an infection prevention and control perspective: results of a national survey. Public Health, 217, 89-94.
- Are we coming out from the COVID-19 pandemic?. Respirology.
- Health System Strengthening: The Role of Public Health in Federal Nepal. Journal of the Nepal Public Health Association, 7(1), 36-42.
- Mental health risks among informal waste workers in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. INQUIRY: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing, 59.
- The public health costs of war. Public Health, 209, 73-74.
- Predictors and determinants of albuminuria in people with prediabetes and diabetes based on smoking status : a cross-sectional study using the UK Biobank data. eClinicalMedicine, 51.
- The global monkeypox outbreak : germ panic, stigma and emerging challenges. Public Health in Practice, 4.
- ‘Levelling up’ in the UK must involve a reduction in inequalities in children’s life chances. Public Health in Practice. View this article in WRRO
- COVID-19 : difficult transitions. Public Health, 206, 31-32.
- Systematic review: acculturation strategies and their impact on the mental health of migrant populations. Public Health in Practice, 2.
- Factors influencing the effective management of diabetes during humanitarian crises in low- and middle-income countries : a systematic review. Public Health, 199, 110-117.
- Universal Use of Surgical Masks is Tolerated and Prevents Respiratory Viral Infection in Stem Cell Transplant Recipients. Journal of Hospital Infection.
- Healthcare professionals' views on factors influencing shared decision-making in primary health care centres in Saudi Arabia : a qualitative study. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.
- COVID-19: transferring learning from the pandemic response to non-communicable disease control. Public Health, 197, A1-A2. View this article in WRRO
- Are schools drivers of COVID-19 infections — an analysis of outbreaks in Colorado, USA in 2020. Journal of Public Health.
- A scoping review of the experience of implementing population testing for SARS-CoV-2. Public Health. View this article in WRRO
- Prognostic accuracy of emergency department triage tools for adults with suspected COVID-19: the PRIEST observational cohort study. Emergency Medicine Journal. View this article in WRRO
- Barriers and enablers to optimal diabetes care for adults with learning disabilities : a systematic review. British Journal of Learning Disabilities(00), 1-12. View this article in WRRO
- COVID-19: Viral origins, vaccine fears and risk perceptions. Public Health.
- Are children and schools a COVID-19 threat?. Public Health in Practice, 2.
- Vaccination against COVID-19 and inequalities – avoiding making a bad situation worse. Public Health in Practice, 100101-100101.
- Views of stakeholders on factors influencing shared decision-making in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: a systematic review. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 27(3), 300-311. View this article in WRRO
- COVID-19 vaccine dilemmas. Public Health.
- Where England's pandemic response to COVID-19 went wrong?. Public Health.
- COVID-19-why open and honest public dialogue is needed: Porter’s reflections on the ethical dilemmas of age rather than geographical based lockdowns are noteworthy. Public Health.
- Post-exertion oxygen saturation as a prognostic factor for adverse outcome in patients attending the emergency department with suspected COVID-19: a substudy of the PRIEST observational cohort study. Emergency Medicine Journal. View this article in WRRO
- COVID-19 pandemic in Nepal: Emerging evidence on the effectiveness of action by, and cooperation between, different levels of government in a federal system. Journal of Karnali Academy of Health Sciences, 3(3), 1-11.
- Risks and risk mitigation in waste-work: A qualitative study of informal waste workers in Nepal. Public Health in Practice, 1. View this article in WRRO
- Public health in practice in a time of change. Public Health in Practice, 1. View this article in WRRO
- Parental experience of prophylactic antibiotics. Archives of Disease in Childhood.
- COVID19 – Why open and honest public dialogue is needed. Public Health.
- Should countries aim for elimination in the covid-19 pandemic?. British Medical Journal (BMJ).
- Harnessing inter-disciplinary collaboration to improve emergency care in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs): results of research prioritisation setting exercise. BMC Emergency Medicine, 20(1).
- What influences the implementation of shared decision making : an umbrella review. Patient Education and Counseling.
- Winter is coming, and it is going to be tough : COVID-19 and winter preparedness. Public Health. View this article in WRRO
- COVID19, race and public health. Public Health.
- Coronavirus disease 2019 : emerging lessons from the pandemic. Public Health. View this article in WRRO
- COVID19: The need for public health in a time of emergency. Public Health, 182, 188-189. View this article in WRRO
- Wuhan novel coronavirus (COVID-19) : why global control is challenging?. Public Health, 179, A1-A2. View this article in WRRO
- Just Google it! Impact of media coverage of an outbreak of high-level azithromycin-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae on online searches, and attendances, testing and diagnoses at sexual health clinics in England between 2015 and 2016: an interrupted time series analysis using surveillance data. Sexually Transmitted Infections, 95(8), 594-601.
- Public Health and the NHS at 70. Fit enough for the challenge of new enemies in a new landscape? An example of public health measures to address alcohol consumption. French Journal of British Studies, XXIV. View this article in WRRO
- A Framework to Assess the Quality of Non-traditional Articles in the Field of Disaster Response and Management. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 13(02), 147-151. View this article in WRRO
- Travel – not without consequence. Public Health, 168, A1-A2. View this article in WRRO
- The health risks of informal waste workers in the Kathmandu Valley: a cross-sectional survey. Public Health, 166, 10-18. View this article in WRRO
- Persistence of an outbreak of gonorrhoea with high-level resistance to azithromycin in England, November 2014‒May 2018. Eurosurveillance, 23(23). View this article in WRRO
- Temporal trends and patterns in antimicrobial resistant Gram-negative bacteria implicated in intensive care unit-acquired infections: a cohort-based surveillance study in Istanbul, Turkey. Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance. View this article in WRRO
- Migration and health - seeing past the hype, hysteria and labels. Public Health, 158, a1-a2. View this article in WRRO
- Determinants of uptake of hepatitis B testing and healthcare access by migrant Chinese in the England: a qualitative study. BMC Public Health, 17(1). View this article in WRRO
- The changing health priorities of earthquake response and implications for preparedness: a scoping review.. Public Health, 150, 60-70. View this article in WRRO
- Improving access to health care for chronic hepatitis B among migrant Chinese populations: A systematic mixed methods review of barriers and enablers. Journal of Viral Hepatitis, 24(7), 526-540. View this article in WRRO
- A qualitative study exploring awareness and attitudes towards tuberculosis in migrant populations in a Metropolitan District Council in the North of England.. Journal of Public Health, 1-7. View this article in WRRO
- Prevalence of depressive symptoms and its associated factors in older adults: a cross-sectional study in Kathmandu, Nepal.. Aging Ment Health. View this article in WRRO
- Ethical public health: more than just numbers. Public Health, 144, A1-A2.
- Redesign and commissioning of sexual health services in England – a qualitative study. Public Health, 139, 134-140. View this article in WRRO
- Changing times, changing challenges: lessons for public health from history. Public Health, 138, 1-3.
- Barriers to evidence-based disaster management in Nepal: a qualitative study. Public Health, 133, 99-106. View this article in WRRO
- Tuberculosis in South Asian communities in the UK: a systematic review of the literature. Journal of Public Health, 38(2), 250-257.
- Value of urban green spaces in promoting healthy living and wellbeing: prospects for planning. Risk Management and Healthcare Policy, 8, 131-137. View this article in WRRO
- What is the evidence on interventions to manage referral from primary to specialist non-emergency care? A systematic review and logic model synthesis. Health Services and Delivery Research, 3(24).
- The role of husbands in maternal health and safe childbirth in rural Nepal: a qualitative study. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 15(1). View this article in WRRO
- Referral interventions from primary to specialist care: a systematic review of international evidence. British Journal of General Practice, 64(629), e765-e774.
- Disaster management in low- and middle-income countries: Scoping review of the evidence base. Emergency Medicine Journal. View this article in WRRO
- Making short-term international medical volunteer placements work: a qualitative study.. Br J Gen Pract, 64(623), e329-e335.
- Accuracy of diagnosis and classification of COPD in primary and specialist nurse-led respiratory care in Rotherham, UK: a cross-sectional study.. Prim Care Respir J, 23(1), 67-73.
- Competencies required from public health professionals by health based organisations and the role of academia.. JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association, 64(1), 57-63.
- Competencies required from public health professionals by health based organisations and the role of academia. Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association, 64(1).
- Is a large scale community programme as effective as a community rehabilitation programme delivered in the setting of a clinical trial?. BMC Med Res Methodol, 13, 103. View this article in WRRO
- Demand management: misguided solutions?. Br J Gen Pract, 63(613), e589-e591.
- Emergency management in health: key issues and challenges in the UK.. BMC Public Health, 12, 884. View this article in WRRO
- Benefits of an electronic medical records system in rural Nepal.. JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc, 52(188), 196-200.
- Why do community health workers volunteer? A qualitative study in Kenya.. Public Health, 126(10), 839-845.
- Where is the evidence for emergency planning: a scoping review.. BMC Public Health, 12, 542. View this article in WRRO
- The challenge of commissioning for populations.. Br J Gen Pract, 62(598), e387-e389.
- The impact of telehealth support for patients with diabetes or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on unscheduled secondary care utilisation: a service evaluation.. Inform Prim Care, 20(4), 263-270.
- Integrating a clinical model of smoking cessation into antenatal care. British Journal of Midwifery, 20(4), 236-243.
- Global public health training in the UK: preparing for the future.. J Public Health (Oxf), 33(2), 310-316.
- Online public health education for low and middle-income countries: Factors influencing successful student outcomes. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, 6(4), 65-69.
- The health benefits of urban green spaces: a review of the evidence.. J Public Health (Oxf), 33(2), 212-222.
- Humanitarian disaster response. The Lancet, 375(9718), 891-892.
- Local determinants of tobacco use in Pakistan and the importance of context. Journal of Smoking Cessation, 5(2), 145-150.
- Coalition plans for English NHS. A recipe for disaster?. BMJ, 341, c4182.
- An integrated approach to treat tobacco addiction in countries with high tuberculosis incidence. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 14(4), 420-428.
- Local perspectives on humanitarian aid in Sri Lanka after the tsunami. PUBLIC HEALTH, 122(12), 1410-1417. View this article in WRRO
- Drug prices - The ranibizumab saga of drug profiteering. BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL, 337(7669).
- The ranibizumab saga of drug profiteering. BMJ, 337(7669), 531.
- The tsunami and the dangers of goodwill. BMJ, 330(7485), 261.2-261.2.
- Determinants affecting utilisation of health services and treatment for children under-5 in rural Nepali health centres: a large cross-sectional study.. BMC Public Health.
- Qualitative evidence syntheses of attitudes and preferences to inform guidelines on infant feeding in the context of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) transmission risk. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 16(3), e0010080-e0010080.
- Derivation and validation of a clinical severity score for acutely ill adults with suspected COVID-19: The PRIEST observational cohort study. PLOS ONE, 16(1), e0245840-e0245840.
- Characterisation of 22446 patients attending UK emergency departments with suspected COVID-19 infection: Observational cohort study. View this article in WRRO
- Characterisation of 22445 patients attending UK emergency departments with suspected COVID-19 infection: Observational cohort study. PLOS ONE, 15(11), e0240206-e0240206.
- Need and importance of health protection training in Nepal. Nepal Journal of Epidemiology, 5(1), 441-43.
Conference proceedings papers
- The 2015 Nepal earthquake disaster: lessons learned one year on. Public Health, Vol. 145 (pp 39-44) View this article in WRRO
- OP77 Commissioning services for disease prevention in England: A qualitative examination of barriers and enablers. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, Vol. 70(Suppl 1) (pp A43.1-A43)
- Improving health care access for Hepatitis B in high prevalence migrant groups. European Journal of Public Health, Vol. 25(suppl_3)
- The evidence gaps for health emergency planning in the UK. Health Protection Agency 2012. University of Warwick, 11 September 2012 - 12 September 2012.
- The evidence for emergency planning in health: Finding the gaps. HSRN Symposium - Delivering better health services. Manchester, 19 June 2012 - 20 June 2012.
- Where is the evidence for emergency planning and management?. Health Protection Agency Annual Conference. University of Warwick, 13 September 2011 - 14 September 2011.
- Qualitative survey methods in complex situations. 2nd International Conference on Surveying Health in Complex Situations. Brussels, Belgium, 4 June 2007 - 5 June 2007.
- Investigating bladder cancer in South Yorkshire. UK Association of Cancer Registries(UKACR) Annual Conference. Stirling, 9 September 2009 - 10 September 2009.
- View this article in WRRO Health Status and Occupational Risks in Informal Waste Workers in Nepal
- Recovery, Relapse, and Episodes of Default in the Management of Acute Malnutrition in Children in Humanitarian Emergencies: A systematic review View this article in WRRO
- Relationships between recovery and relapse, and default and repeated episodes of default in the management of acute malnutrition in children in humanitarian emergencies: A systematic review protocol View this article in WRRO
- Antimicrobial Resistance Profile and Temporal Trends in Gram-Negative Bacteria Causing Nosocomial Infections in Critically Ill Patients in Istanbul, Turkey. ASM Microbe 2017.
- Living with endemic COVID-19. Public Health, 205, 26-27.
- Beyond the pandemic: building forward better?. Public Health, 204, 12-13.
- Climate justice: modern parallels with the slave trade. Public Health, 204, 82-83.
- Determinants affecting utilisation of health services and treatment for children under-5 in rural Nepali health centres: a retrospective cohort study, Research Square Platform LLC.
- Predictors and Determinants of Albuminuria in People with Prediabetes and Diabetes Based on Smoking Status: A Cross-Sectional Study Using the UK Biobank Data. View this article in WRRO
- A Scoping Review of the Experience of Implementing Population Testing for SARS-CoV-2, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory.
- Derivation and validation of a clinical severity score for acutely ill adults with suspected COVID-19: The PRIEST observational cohort study, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory.
- Prognostic accuracy of emergency department triage tools for adults with suspected COVID-19: The PRIEST observational cohort study, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory.
- Prognostic accuracy of emergency department triage tools for children with suspected COVID-19: The PRIEST observational cohort study, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory.
- Harnessing Inter-disciplinary Collaboration to Improve Emergency Care in Low- and Middle-income Countries (LMICS): Results of Research Prioritisation Setting Exercise, Research Square Platform LLC.
- Research group
Current PhD/MD Students
- Nuha Alshaaili
- Dr Debasish Kar
- Dr Omnia Elnawawy
- Teaching interests
I am keen on teaching and especially on global health issues, humanitarian aid, health service management and communicable disease control. I currently lecture on international health needs assessment, disaster planning and impact evaluation on the MPH course.
I also developed and teach on the following MPH modules: Communicable Disease Control, and Disaster and Emergency Management. In addition, I teach on the undergraduate medical programme, and on the Executive MBA programme at City College, Thessaloniki, Greece.
I have worked as a trainer on orientation courses for relief workers, and delivered training to healthcare workers abroad as well as to health professionals in the UK.
- Professional activities and memberships
I also carry out a variety of external consultancy work such as training on patient safety and clinical audit, health needs assessments, health equity audits, programme evaluations and impact assessments. Most recently I conducted external evaluation consultancies for the World Health Organisation in 2015, and for the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) in 2018/2019. I am a trained Executive Coach with Health Education England and an educational supervisor for public health specialty training scheme in Yorkshire and the Humber. I am Co-Editor in Chief for the journals Public Health, and Public Health in Practice, Royal Society of Public Health.