Research Interests and Projects

Social Identities and Belonging

My early career research on women's fear of crime and children’s safety in public space (ESRC award) demonstrated the importance of anxieties in constructing understandings of ‘self’ and ‘other’ and in shaping socio-spatial relations. My subsequent research, funded through a portfolio of grants, has focused on understanding the contemporary realities of social exclusion and has contributed to conceptual debates about integration, language, citizenship and belonging which relate directly to current political discourses. My ESRC research about refugee and asylum seekers in the UK and Denmark, and my ESRC and AHRC funded projects with Deaf sign language users, have addressed understandings of citizenship by demonstrating the cultural proficiencies necessary to exercise citizenship in a substantive sense. This work was included as part of a collective academic submission to a ‘No. 10’ (Prime Ministerial) briefing and to the Commission for Integration and Cohesion.

My recent AHRC project advanced the theorization of global religious networks by tracing and analysing the complex flows of actors, capital and discourses within the transnational Anglican communion that are shaping its debates about sexuality, drawing on research in three different contexts (South Africa, USA and UK). More generally, my research is contributing to understanding the significance of space in processes of subject formation through studies which variously rethink intersections between gender, age, race/nationality, ‘disability’, and sexuality in processes of inclusion/exclusion. My applied research for Governmental bodies and NGOs (eg Citizens Advice, Stonewall, Citizenship 21, Equality and Human Rights Commission) has contributed to informing policy/practice.

Childhood and Family Life

I have made a significant contribution to the development of the new sub-disciplinary field of children and young people’s geographies (eg two research monographs and two research collections). My work on young people’s negotiation of space (public space and cyberspace) and experiences of marginalisation in the transition to adulthood (funded by two ESRC grants, and a UK Department for Education and Skills contract) focused on understandings of young people’s social agency and the cultural politics of ‘other’ childhoods. This research informed UK policy by providing an evidence base for then named Department for Education and Skills (now Department of Education) about the relationship between children’s home use of information and communication technologies (ICT) and their educational attainment which subsequently resulted in a commission to write a paper for the then named Department of Children, Schools and Family about the future of ICT in schools.

Urban Cultures and Consumption

This research - including five awards from: Joseph Rowntree Foundation (JRF), Leverhulme Trust, ESRC and AHRC - has addressed the changing nature of cultures of consumption including the role of food and alcohol in night-time economies; and the role of the internet in shaping the socio-spatial nature of gambling. These studies have each examined: the meaning of these ‘goods’ in domestic and public environments; the role of these forms of consumption in the negotiation of gender/age/household identities; the processes through which eating, drinking and gambling patterns are transmitted within families; the extent to which people’s consumption habits may have their roots in earlier childhood; and questions of access to consumption opportunities and thus social exclusion. For example, my alcohol research has provided a new perspective on debates about cosmopolitan urbanism by demonstrating how the Muslim community’s culture of abstention shapes its members’ access to, and use of, public space, generating new exclusions within the mainstream night-time economy. The JRF Drinking Places project was one of the first studies to critique the UK policy focus on binge drinking in public space and to highlight the significance of high levels of home-based consumption. The findings were fed into the Government’s consultation on its Alcohol Harm Reduction Strategy. I was a Trustee of the Drinkaware Trust (2009-2012) - an independent charity with the objective of changing national drinking culture and wrote an international review about young people’s gambling for the Gambling Commission to inform the development of its strategy.

Recent research grants

ERCLiving with Difference in Europe: Making Communities out of Strangers in an Era of Super Mobility and Super Diversity

European Research Council Advanced Investigator Award

We are witnessing unprecedented levels of mobility and population change within and beyond the European Union. In this context, it is argued that how we develop the capacity to live with difference is the key issue of the 21st century. This European Research Council funded research programme involves five inter‐linked projects which are exploring the extent and nature of everyday encounters with ‘difference’, by each collecting original data in the UK (a post‐colonial European state) and Poland (a post-communist European state). The findings are intended to provide an integrated evidence base that will inform European policies and strategies for living with difference.
Further details are available on the project website.

The research is on-going, emerging publications include:

  1. Valentine, G. (2013) Living with difference: Proximity and encounter in urban life. Geography 98 (1):4-9.
  2. Valentine, G. and Sadgrove J (2012) Lived difference: the transmission of positive and negative attitudes towards others Environment and Planning A 44: 2049-2067.
  3. Valentine, G. and Waite, L. (2012) Negotiating difference through everyday encounters: the case of sexual orientation and religion and belief Antipode 44(2): 474-492.
  4. Andersson, J., Sadgrove, J. and Valentine G. (2012) Consuming campus: geographies of encounter at a British university, Social & Cultural Geography 13(5):501-515.
  5. Piekut, A., Valentine, G, Rees, P and Kupiszewski, M. (2012) Multi dimensional diversity in two European cities: thinking beyond ethnicity Environment and Planning A 44(12):2988-3009.
  6. Valentine, G. (2010) Prejudice: Rethinking geographies of oppression. Social & Cultural Geography 11: 521-537.
  7. Valentine, G. (2008) Living with difference: reflections on geographies of encounter. Progress in Human Geography 32: 321-335.


Religion & SocietySexuality and global faith networks

Arts and Humanities Research Council/Economic & Social Research Council (Religion & Society Research Programme)

Programme website:

Sexuality & Global FaithPrincipal investigator, G.Valentine; co-investigators, R. Vanderbeck (Geography, Leeds) and Kevin Ward (Theology & Religious Studies, Leeds). Researchers: Joanna Sadgrove and Johan Andersson.

A number of recent debates have taken place both within the worldwide Anglican Communion and the media concerning the future direction of the Church. These debates have been triggered in part by differing views on the stance the Church should adopt in relation to issues including the ordination of female or gay clergy and the recognition of civil partnerships and gay marriage. Questions have been raised about the future of the worldwide Communion given the diversity of perspectives on these issues, with some churches boycotting the 2008 Lambeth Conference.

As such this interdisciplinary project focused on debates over homosexuality within the international Anglican Communion. Informed by geographical theorisations of space, it examined how churches within the Anglican Communion are responding to shifting public attitudes about homosexuality; how new transnational networks of actors are forming to respond to developments related to homosexuality; and how discourses about homosexuality in one context have been circulated, mobilized, and/or transformed within other contexts.

The project adopted a social topographical approach, developed in Geography, as an innovative theoretical framework for examining the complex global network of the Anglican Communion. This approach emphasises how wider debates about sexuality have flowed across space and how responses are being formed within particular cultural/religious/economic milieus.

The fieldwork was based at three national nodes in this global network: UK, USA, South Africa. It involved multiple methods including: extensive document and media analysis; observation and interviews at key international Communion events (Lambeth Conference, 2008; Global Anglican Futures Conference, 2008, and the General Convention of the Episcopal Church, 2009) and interviews with a range of relevant actors (clergy and laity) across the three planned research contexts, as well as additional work in Uganda and Lesotho. In a 14 month period of parish case study research (n=6) we conducted interviews and bible study focus groups with congregation members in two contrasting parishes in each national context to explore the intersection of global-local processes. In total more than 140 people participated in formal interviews.

Key contributions of the research, as explored in project publications, include:

  1. new data on how Anglican identities and affiliations are simultaneously constructed within local contexts, national churches, and the wider discursive and material flows of the Communion;
  2. an original analysis of the ongoing development and growth of the transnational orthodox Anglican movement, which addresses the negotiation of unity, difference, and the boundaries of orthodoxy within the context of debates over sexuality and gender;
  3. new insights into pro-LGB social movements within the Anglican Communion, including the evolution of activist tactics and the negotiation of multiple movement identities;
  4. new data on the material (including financial) and discursive flows between American and sub-Saharhan African (particularly Ugandan) Christians, especially relevant within the context of recent public controversies over proposed anti-homosexuality laws in Uganda;
  5. policy relevant insights into how ordinary people manage their encounters with sexual difference, including how individuals can approach such 'differences' through the complexity of their situated, and intersectional identities which can enable them to find points of recognition/sameness (e.g. shared experiences of marginalization, common interests etc.), rather than through the singular, fixed lens of their 'group' positions which stress disconnections. This raises the possibility that such local insights might be scaled-up to imagine a practical response to the institutional crisis in the Communion.

The findings have been disseminated through multiple strategies including: academic seminars/conferences, a webpage and podcast, the distribution of a summary report for ‘users’, diocesan workshops with parishioners, a presentation of our findings at the Equality and Human Rights Commission and on-going consultative/briefing work for the Anglican Consultative Council, the Theology Committee of the House of Bishops of the Episcopal Church, USA and the International Secretary at Lambeth Palace (the secretariat of the Archbishop of Canterbury). In this way, the project has engaged academics, the public and policy makers at a moment when issues of religious freedom and sexual equality are coming into conflict.

Sexuality and Global Faith Networks report (1.5 MB PDF)

Key publications

  • Valentine, G, Vanderbeck R, Sadgrove, J, Andersson J, and Ward K (in press, 2013) Producing moral geographies: the transnational dynamics of homophobia within a global faith network Geographical Review first published online: 21 Sept 2012
  • Andersson, J., Vanderbeck, R, Sadgrove J, Valentine G and Ward K (in press, 2013) Same-sex marriage, civil rights rhetoric, and the ambivalent politics of Christian Evangelicalism in New York City Sexualities
  • Valentine, G, Vanderbeck RM, Sadgrove, J, Andersson J, and Ward K (2013) Transnational religious networks: sexuality and the changing power geometries of the Anglican Communion Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 38(1): 50-64.
  • Sadgrove, J., Vanderbeck, R, Andersson J, Valentine G, Ward K. (2012) Morality plays and money matters: Towards a situated understanding of the politics of homosexuality in Uganda Journal of Modern African Studies 50(1): 103-129.
  • Andersson, J., Vanderbeck, R., Valentine, G., Ward K. and Sadgrove J. (2011) New York encounters: religion, sexuality and the city, Environment & Planning A 43: 618-633.
  • Vanderbeck, R., Andersson, J., Valentine, G., Sadgrove, J. and Ward, K. (2011) Lambeth 2008: Sexuality, activism and witness at the 14th conference of worldwide Anglican bishops. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 101: 1-20.
  • Vanderbeck, R., Valentine, G. and Ward, K., Sadgrove, J., Andersson, J., (2010) The meanings of communion: Anglican identities, the sexuality debates and Christian Relationality. Sociological Research On-line 15 (2).
    Online version
  • Valentine, G., Vanderbeck, R., Andersson, J., Sadgrove, J., and Ward, K. (2010) Emplacements: the event as a prism for exploring intersectionality; a case study of the Lambeth Conference. Sociology 44: 1-19.
  • Sadgrove, J., Vanderbeck, R., Ward, K. Valentine, G., and Andersson, J. (2010) Constructing the boundaries of Anglican orthodoxy: an analysis of the Global Anglican Futures Conference (GAFCON). Religion 40: 193-206.

Other Related Papers On Faith Issues

  • Valentine, G. and Waite, L. (2012) Negotiating difference through everyday encounters: the case of sexual orientation and religion and belief Antipode 44(2): 474-492.
  • Valentine, G., Holloway, S.L. and Jayne, M. (2010) Contemporary cultures of abstinence and the night-time economy: Muslim attitudes to alcohol and the implications for social cohesion. Environment & Planning A 42: 8-22.
  • Valentine, G., and Sporton, D. (2009) How other people see you it's like nothing that's inside: the impact of processes of disidentification and disavowal on young people's subjectivities. Sociology 43: 735-751. Republished in Coffey, A. and Hall, T. (eds.) (2011) Researching Young People. Sage, London.
  • Valentine, G., Sporton, D. and Nielsen, K. (2009) Identities and belonging: a study of Somali refugee and asylum seekers living in the UK and Denmark, Environment & Planning D: society & space, 27: 234-250.


Joseph RowntreeFamily life and alcohol consumption: a study of the transmission of drinking practices

Joseph Rowntree Foundation

Principal investigator, G.Valentine; co-investigators, M.Gould (Geography, Leeds) and Mark Jayne (Geography, Manchester). Researcher: Julia Keenan

Family life & alcohol consumptionWhile there is a significant body of research about young people’s (aged 13-24) alcohol consumption and some evidence of changing intergenerational patterns of drinking, less is known about the processes through which drinking patterns are transmitted within families; and the extent to which young people’s current/future drinking habits may have their roots in earlier childhood experiences. This research addressed this gap in the evidence base by: (i) to mapping parents’/carers’ attitudes towards the role of alcohol within the family and their perceptions of the relationship between their attitudes and children’s potential future drinking; (ii) examining families’ own practices around the use of alcohol and to explore the possible relationship between these practices and children’s potential future drinking; (iii) understanding how these attitudes and practices are transmitted and how processes of transmission vary according to: socio-economic status; family structure/support; age/gender, and positioning of children within the family; (iv) identifying the implications of these processes of transmission/interruption for alcohol harm reduction and family policies.

The research findings are available at:

The findings have been disseminated at: i) Consumption Controversies: alcohol policies in the UK at the House of Commons hosted by Kevin Barron, MP (former Chair of the Health Select Committee), attended by >50 people including peers, MPS, researchers, and representatives of the drinks industry and alcohol related NGO (December 2010); a workshop co-organised with the DrinkAware Trust titled Influencing Young People’s Attitudes and Behaviours Towards Alcohol at University of Leeds which was attended by 60 delegates from the public sector including representatives from several government departments and numerous local authorities and non-governmental organisations (June 2012); iii) a Drinkaware Trust Parenting Seminar chaired by David Brindle Editor of the public services section of The Guardian, which was attended by 17 different NGOs and Government departments (January 2011). On the basis of this event the Drinkaware Trust has produced a guide for parents about when and how to talk to children about alcohol for national dissemination; iv) Keynote presentations at Alcohol Concern National Conference (November 2010) (also written up in the Alcohol Concern magazine, Straight Talk), and at the Aquarious (alcohol related NGO) Annual Conference, Birmingham (December 2010).

Key publications

  • Valentine, G., Jayne, M. and Gould M.(in press, 2013) Drinking is for grown-ups: children’s perceptions of alcohol and its social and health implications Childhood
  • Valentine, G, Jayne, M. and Gould M (2012) ‘Do as I say, not as I do’: family life and the transmission of drinking cultures Environment and Planning A 44: 776-792.
  • Jayne, M, Valentine, G. and Gould M (2012) Family life and alcohol consumption: the transmission of ‘public’ and ‘private’ drinking cultures Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy 19: 192-200.


Joseph RowntreeDrinking places: social geographies of alcohol consumption

Joseph Rowntree Foundation

Principal investigator, G. Valentine; co-investigator, S. Holloway (Geography, Loughborough).
Researchers: Mark Jayne and Charlotte Knell

Drinking PlacesIn the past decade urban regeneration initiatives have developed night-time economies. Alongside traditional pubs new hybrid café/bar/club venues have emerged, attracting a more diverse clientele. However these consumption landscapes have prompted concern about alcohol-fuelled disorder. The White Paper Time For Reform gave local states new powers to tackle this by shaping local landscapes of consumption. Patterns of drinking are also changing. More women are drinking to unsafe levels, and drinking is on the increase among young and older people. Even among those who abstain for religious reasons, such as Muslims, there is evidence of some drinking. Yet the temperance movement also persists. This research took a holistic approach to alcohol consumption across social groupings within place-specific communities, and considered a range of drinking practices from abstinence to bingeing. In doing so it has considered intergenerational patterns of drinking and the home as an overlooked site of consumption.

The research findings are available at: and have also been published as a research monograph (see below).

The findings were disseminated at an RGS/IBG Environment and Society Forum on drinking spaces and places: attended by representatives from government departments, local authorities, NGOs (London February 2010) and at Knowledge Exchange Showcase Workshop on Contemporary Social Issues Leeds (October 2008).

Key publications

  • Jayne, M., Valentine, G. and Holloway (2011) Alcohol, Drinking and Drunkenness: Spaces of (Dis)order (Aldershot, Ashgate).
  • Jayne, M., Valentine, G. and Holloway, S. L. (2012) What are units? Critical geographies of alcohol policies, Antipode 44(3):828-846.
  • Jayne, M., Gibson, C., Waitt, G. and Valentine G. (2012) Drunken mobilities: backpackers, alcohol, ‘doing place’ Tourist Studies. 12(3):211-231.
  • Valentine, G., Holloway, S.L. and Jayne, M. (2010) Generational patterns of alcohol consumption: continuity and change. Health & Place 16: 916-925.
  • Valentine, G., Holloway, S.L. and Jayne, M. (2010) Contemporary cultures of abstinence and the night-time economy: Muslim attitudes to alcohol and the implications for social cohesion. Environment & Planning A 42: 8-22.
  • Jayne, M., Valentine, G. and Holloway, S.L. (2010) Emotional, embodied and affective geographies of alcohol, drinking and drunkenness. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 35: 540-554.
  • Holloway, S.L., Valentine, G. and Jayne, M. (2009) Masculinities, femininities and the geographies of public and private drinking landscapes. Geoforum 40: 821-831.
  • Holloway, S.L., Jayne, M. and Valentine, G. (2008) ‘Sainsbury’s is my local’: English alcohol policy, domestic drinking practices and the meaning of home. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 33: 532-547.
  • Jayne, M., Valentine, G., and Holloway S.L. (2008) Geographies of alcohol, drinking and drunkenness: a review of progress. Progress in Human Geography, 32: 243-259.
  • Jayne, M., Valentine, G. and Holloway, S. L. (2008) Fluid boundaries: ‘British’ binge drinking and ‘European’ civility, alcohol and the production and consumption of public space. Space and Polity, 12: 81-100.
  • Jayne, M., Valentine, G., and Holloway S.L. (2008) The place of drink: geographical contributions to alcohol studies. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, 15: 219-232.
  • Valentine, G., Holloway, S. L., Knell, C. and Jayne, M. (2007) Drinking places: young people and cultures of alcohol consumption in rural environments. Journal of Rural Studies, 24: 28-40
  • Jayne, M., Valentine, G. and Holloway, S. L. (2006) Drunk and disorderly: alcohol, urban life and public space, Progress in Human Geography, 30: 451-468


ESRC IdentitiesPost-conflict identities: Practices and affiliations of Somali refugee children

Economic & Social Research Council (Social Identities & Social Action Research Programme)

Principal investigator, D. Sporton (Geography, Sheffield); co-investigator, G. Valentine. Researcher: Katrine Nielsen

Indentities on the MoveThis project provided systematic empirical evidence about the contemporary identity practices of post-conflict refugee and asylum seeker children in the UK. Drawing on research with Somalis in Sheffield subject to different arrival scenarios (unaccompanied or accompanied asylum seeker children; via European Union countries or as children of labour migrants) the research investigated the complex ways that children’s identities are spatially constituted through their diverse histories of mobility and are accompanied in specific geographical sites.

Further details of the project are available at
The findings are summarised in a downloadable PDF (1.2 MB PDF)

The research findings were disseminated as part of a collective academic submission to a ‘No. 10’ (Prime Ministerial) brief; through an invited presentation at Commission for Racial Equality workshop; through knowledge exchange workshops in London and Leeds; and at a photographic exhibition at Brick Lane Art Gallery, London, and at the Yorkshire Arts Space, Sheffield.

Key publications

  • Valentine, G., and Sporton, D. (2009) How other people see you it's like nothing that's inside: the impact of processes of disidentification and disavowal on young people's subjectivities. Sociology 43: 735-751. Republished in Coffey, A. and Hall, T. (eds.) (2011) Researching Young People. Sage, London.
  • Valentine, G., Sporton, D. and Nielsen, K. (2009) Identities and belonging: a study of Somali refugee and asylum seekers living in the UK and Denmark, Environment & Planning D: society & space, 27: 234-250.
  • Valentine, G., Sporton, D. and Nielsen, K.B. (2009) ‘Belonging to the Nation: a comparative study of Somali refugee and asylum seekers living in UK and Denmark,’ in Howson, C. and Sallah, M. (eds.) Europe’s Established and Emerging Immigrant Communities: Assimilation, Multiculturalism or Integration? (Trentham,Staffordshire) pp.65-78.
  • Valentine, G. and Sporton, D. (2009) ‘The subjectivities of young Somalis: the impact of processes of disidentification and disavowal’, in Wetherall, M (ed.) Identity in the 21st Century: New Trends in Changing Times (Palgrave, Macmillan, Basingstoke) pp.737-753.
  • Valentine, G. (2009) Globalisation and Language diversity: implications for the enactment of identities and intercultural relations in Quinlivan, K., Boyask, R. and Kaur, B. (eds) Educational Enactments in a Globalised World: Intercultural Conversations. Sense Publishers, Rotterdam pp95-102.
  • Valentine, G., Sporton, D. and Nielsen, K.B. (2009) ‘The spaces of language: the everyday practices of young Somali refugees and asylum seekers,’ in Collins, M., Slembrouck S., Baynham, M (eds.) Globalisation and Language Contact (London, Continuum), pp189-206.
  • Valentine, G. and Sporton, D. (2008) Developing identity: Somali children in Sheffield, Yorkshire and Humber Regional Review, 18: 11-13.
  • Sporton, D., Valentine, G., Nielsen, K.B. (2006) Post-Conflict Identities: Practices and Affiliations of Somali Asylum Seeker Children. Children’s Geographies, 4: 203-217.


AHRCThe role of the Internet in D/deaf people’s inclusion in the information society

Arts and Humanities Research Board

Principal investigator, G. Valentine; co-investigators, T. Skelton (Geography, Loughborough) and P Levy (Information Studies, Sheffield).
Researchers: Takao Maruyama and Jemma Correll.

D/deafThe project explored the use of the Internet by D/deaf people. It has examined how D/deaf people are using the Internet to gain access to information and to share information proactively in creative ways, the constraints on their use of Internet technologies and resources, and their perceptions of the benefits and drawbacks of the Internet. This research has evaluated the impact that the Internet is having on D/deaf people’s social inclusion/exclusion in the information society, and has identified implications for appropriate policies, strategies and services relating to their use of the Internet as an information environment.

The findings are available in British Sign Language on CD and downloadable PDF (2.3 MB)

Key publications

  • Valentine, G. and Skelton, T. (2009) An umbilical cord to the world: the role of the internet in D/deaf people’s information and communication practices. Information, Communication and Society, 12: 44-65. Republished in Hall, E., Chouinard, V. and Wilton, R. (eds.) Disabling Geographies: Mind and Body Differences in Society & Space (Aldershot: Ashgate).
  • Valentine, G., Sporton, D. and Nielsen K-B (2008) Language use on the move: sites of encounter, identities and belonging. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 33: 376-387. Translated into Polish and used by the Fundacja Forum na rzecz Różnorodności Społecznej (Foundation Forum for Social Diversity) which has an initiative to provide support to teachers in public schools working with migrant and refugee children. As part of the program of specialized trainings about cross-cultural communication and practical tools/methods for running a multicultural classroom
  • Valentine, G. and Skelton, T. (2008) Changing spaces: the role of the internet in shaping Deaf geographies. Social & Cultural Geography 9: 469-486.
  • Valentine, G. and Skelton, T. (2007) The right to be heard: citizenship and language. Political Geography, 26: 121-140.
  • Valentine, G. and Skelton, T. (2007) Re-defining norms: D/deaf young people’s transitions to independence. Sociological Review, 55: 104-123.
  • Valentine, G. and Skelton, T. (2003) Living on the edge: The marginalisation and resistance of D/deaf Youth. Environment and Planning A, 35, 301--321.
  • Skelton, T. and Valentine, G. (2003) ‘It feels like being Deaf is normal’: an explanation into the complexities of defining D/deafness and young D/deaf people’s identities. The Canadian Geographer, 47, 451--466.
  • Skelton, T. and Valentine, G. (2003) Political participation, political action and political identities: young D/deaf people’s perspectives. Space and Polity, 7, 117--134.


Other previous projects

Economic & Social Research Council
New forms of participation: problem internet gambling and the role of the family
Principal investigator, G. Valentine ; co-investigator, K. Hughes (Sociology & Social Policy, Leeds).

Economic & Social Research Council (Researcher Development Inititative)
Building Capacity in Visual Methods
Principal investigator, J. Prosser (Education, Leeds); co-investigators, G. Valentine, D. Gauntlett, R. Holliday, M. Banks, S. Pearson, C. Dyer, J. Mason, K. Wall, R. Walker, S. Pink, S. Walker, Bates, S. Higgins, M. Birkin and G. Conole

Leverhulme Trust
Phillip Leverhulme prize fellowship
Sole investigator, G. Valentine

Economic & Social Research Council (Youth, Citizenship & Social Change Programme)
Living on the edge: understanding the marginalisation and resistance of vulnerable youth
Principal investigator, G. Valentine, co-investigator T. Skelton (Geography, Loughborough), and Ruth Butler (Applied Social Studies, Hull)

Economic & Social Research Council (Children 5-16 Programme)
Cyberkids: children's social networks, 'virtual communities' and on-line spaces
Principal investigator, G. Valentine, co-investigator S. Holloway (Geography, Loughborough)

The Leverhulme Trust
The effect of new food technologies and foodscapes on home based eating patterns
Principal and sole investigator, G. Valentine

Economic & Social Research Council
Stranger-danger: parental fears and restrictions on children's use of space
Principal and sole investigator, G. Valentine

Economic & Social Research Council
Sexuality & space
Principal and sole investigator, G. Valentine