Professor Bhavani Shankar
Department of Geography
Professorial Research Fellow in Food and Health
Full contact details
Department of Geography
Geography and Planning Building
Bhavani works on research areas at the intersection of food, health and environmental sustainability. He joined the Institute of Sustainable Food and the Department of Geography in April 2020. From 2011 to March 2020, Bhavani was Professor at SOAS University of London, and has previously also held appointments at the University of Reading and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Bhavani’s recent work has been funded by the Wellcome Trust, The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, The Leverhulme Trust, GCRF, UKAid and the European Commission, among others. From 2011 to 2015 Bhavani was Managing Editor of Food Policy, a multidisciplinary Elsevier journal. He is currently an academic editor for PLoS One, review editor for Frontiers in Sustainable Food and serves on the editorial advisory boards of Global Food Security and Food Policy.
- Research interests
Bhavani’s research interests include sustainable diets, the analysis of economic drivers of over and under nutrition, food and nutrition policy evaluation and the role of agriculture and food systems in enabling better nutrition and health. Much of his work is of an interdisciplinary nature, conducted in collaboration with nutritionists, health scientists, geographers and environmental scientists.
Current externally funded projects:
MINI is funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and DfID. It is set in India, Bangladesh and Ghana, and aims to study the potential for market aggregation services to improve the availability of nutritious fresh produce (vegetables and poultry) in local markets.
SHEFS is a programme aiming to provide policy makers with novel, interdisciplinary evidence to define future food systems policies that deliver nutritious and healthy foods in an environmentally sustainable and socially equitable manner. This LSHTM-led project is funded by the Wellcome Trust.
Innovative Methods and Metrics for Agriculture for Nutrition Actions (IMMANA): IMMANA is co-funded by UKAid and BMGF and aims to stimulate the development of novel methods and metrics for research linking agriculture and nutrition. It is co-funded by UK Aid and Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
GCRF Action Against Stunting Hub: The Action Against Stunting Hub conducts research in India, Indonesia and Senegal aimed at addressing the intractable global challenge of child stunting.
- A systems analysis and conceptual system dynamics model of the livestock-derived food system in South Africa : a tool for policy guidance. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 1-24.
- Is agricultural engagement associated with lower incidence or prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and cardiovascular disease risk factors? A systematic review of observational studies from low- and middle-income countries. PLOS ONE, 15(3). View this article in WRRO
- The impact of gender equity in agriculture on nutritional status, diets, and household food security : a mixed-methods systematic review. BMJ Global Health, 5(3). View this article in WRRO
- What underlies inadequate and unequal fruit and vegetable consumption in India? An exploratory analysis. Global Food Security, 24. View this article in WRRO
- Analysing the policy space for the promotion of healthy, sustainable edible oil consumption in India. Public Health Nutrition, 22(18), 3435-3446. View this article in WRRO
- International trade, dietary change, and cardiovascular disease health outcomes : import tariff reform using an integrated macroeconomic, environmental and health modelling framework for Thailand. SSM - Population Health, 9.
- Evidence on the magnitude of the economic, health and population effects of palm cooking oil consumption : an integrated modelling approach with Thailand as a case study. Population Health Metrics, 17(1).
- Purchase trends of processed foods and beverages in urban India. Global Food Security, 23, 191-204.
- Buy or make? Agricultural production diversity, markets and dietary diversity in Afghanistan. Food Policy, 87, 101731-101731.
- Dietary transition in India : temporal and regional trends, 1993 to 2012. Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 40(2), 254-270. View this article in WRRO
- Palm oil and dietary change : application of an integrated macroeconomic, environmental, demographic, and health modelling framework for Thailand. Food Policy, 83, 92-103.
- Agricultural inputs and nutrition in South Asia. Food Policy, 82, 28-38. View this article in WRRO
- Breaking habits : the effect of the French vending machine ban on school snacking and sugar intakes. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 37(1), 88-111. View this article in WRRO
- Dietary and nutritional change in India : implications for strategies, policies, and interventions. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1395(1), 49-59. View this article in WRRO
- Food systems, nutrition, health and the environment. The Lancet Planetary Health, 1(1), e8-e9. View this article in WRRO
- Policies for healthy and sustainable edible oil consumption: a stakeholder analysis for Thailand. Public Health Nutrition, 20(6), 1126-1134.
- What explains Cambodia’s success in reducing child stunting-2000-2014?. PLoS ONE, 11(9).
- Reducing Anemia Prevalence in Afghanistan: Socioeconomic Correlates and the Particular Role of Agricultural Assets. PLOS ONE, 11(6), e0156878-e0156878.
- Global dietary quality, undernutrition and non-communicable disease: a longitudinal modelling study. BMJ Open, 6(1), e009331-e009331. View this article in WRRO
- Explaining Cross-State Disparities in Child Nutrition in Rural India. World Development, 76, 216-237.
- What Happens to Patterns of Food Consumption when Food Prices Change? Evidence from A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Food Price Elasticities Globally. Health Economics, 24(12), 1548-1559.
- What is the public appetite for healthy eating policies? Evidence from a cross-European survey. Health Economics, Policy and Law, 10(3), 267-292.
- Impact assessment of agricultural research, institutional innovation, and technology adoption: Introduction to the special section. Food Policy, 44, 214-217.
- Importance of government policies and other influences in transforming global diets. Nutrition Reviews, 72(9), 591-604.
- Adoption intensity of soil and water conservation practices by smallholders: Evidence from northern Ghana. Bio-based and Applied Economics, 3(2), 159-174.
- Transaction Costs, Information Technologies, and the Choice of Marketplace among Farmers in Northern Ghana. The Journal of Development Studies, 50(9), 1226-1239.
- Can Nutrition Policy Evaluation be Evidence Based? Examples and Dilemmas. EuroChoices, 12(3), 17-23.
- The EATWELL project: Recommendations for healthy eating policy interventions across Europe. Nutrition Bulletin, 38(3), 352-357.
- Fewer adults add salt at the table after initiation of a national salt campaign in the UK: a repeated cross-sectional analysis. British Journal of Nutrition, 110(3), 552-558.
- Can nutrition be promoted through agriculture-led food price policies? A systematic review. BMJ Open, 3(6), e002937-e002937. View this article in WRRO
- The effect of rising food prices on food consumption: systematic review with meta-regression. BMJ, 346(jun17 1), f3703-f3703.
- Rural-urban disparities in child nutrition in Bangladesh and Nepal. BMC Public Health, 13(1). View this article in WRRO
- AN EVALUATION OF THE UK FOOD STANDARDS AGENCY'S SALT CAMPAIGN. Health Economics, 22(2), 243-250.
- India has a problem with palm oil. BMJ, 347(oct28 2), f6065-f6065.
- Agriculture for Improved Nutrition: The Current Research Landscape. Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 34(4), 369-377.
- Assessment of evaluations made to healthy eating policies in Europe: a review within the EATWELL Project. Public Health Nutrition, 15(8), 1489-1496.
- Linking agriculture and health in low- and middle-income countries: an interdisciplinary research agenda. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 71(2), 222-228.
- Policies to promote healthy eating in Europe: a structured review of policies and their effectiveness. Nutrition Reviews, 70(3), 188-200.
- Animal disease and livestock-keeper livelihoods in Southern Cambodia. International Development Planning Review, 34(1), 39-63.
- A Nudge is Not Enough Une poussée n’est pas suffisante Ein kleiner Stoß reicht nicht. EuroChoices, 10(2), 64-64.
- Policy Interventions to Promote Healthy Eating: A Review of What Works, What Does Not, and What is Promising. Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 32(4), 365-375.
- Interventions to promote healthy eating habits: evaluation and recommendations. Obesity Reviews, 11(12), 895-898.
- Eatwell project: Approaching european healthy eating policies from a multi-disciplinary perspective. Nutricion Hospitalaria, 25(5), 867-868.
- Socio-economic drivers of overnutrition in China. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 23(5), 471-479.
- Ozone pollution and farm profits in England and Wales. Applied Economics, 42(19), 2449-2458.
- Obesity in China: The Differential Impacts of Covariates Along the BMI Distribution. Obesity, 18(8), 1660-1666.
- A Case Study of a Contract Farming Chain Involving Supermarkets and Smallholders in Thailand. Canadian Journal of Development Studies / Revue canadienne d'études du développement, 31(1-2), 137-153.
- Determinants of fruit and vegetable intake in England: a re-examination based on quantile regression. Public Health Nutrition, 12(11), 2183-2191.
- Production risk, pesticide use and GM crop technology in South Africa. Applied Economics, 40(19), 2489-2500.
- Bt-cotton and production risk: panel data estimates. International Journal of Biotechnology, 10(2/3), 122-122.
- Is nutritional improvement a cause or a consequence of economic growth? Evidence from Mauritius. Economics Bulletin, 17(8).
- World Health Organization Dietary Norms: A Quantitative Evaluation of Potential Consumption Impacts in the United States, United Kingdom, and France. Review of Agricultural Economics, 30(1), 151-175.
- Will rising household incomes solve China's micronutrient deficiency problems?. Economics Bulletin, 15(10).
- Bias from Farmer Self-Selection in Genetically Modified Crop Productivity Estimates: Evidence from Indian Data. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 58(1), 24-36.
- OUTPUT RISK ASPECTS OF GENETICALLY MODIFIED CROP TECHNOLOGY IN SOUTH AFRICA. Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 16(4), 277-291.
- Consumer Attitudes Towards and Willingness to Pay for Pesticide Residue Limit Compliant “Safe” Vegetables in Northeast Thailand. Journal of International Food & Agribusiness Marketing, 19(1), 81-101.
- An assessment of the potential consumption impacts of WHO dietary norms in OECD countries. Food Policy, 31(1), 53-77.
- The effects of surface water abstraction for rice irrigation on floodplain fish production in Bangladesh. International Journal of Water, 3(1), 61-61.
- New product development in Thai agro-industry: Explaining the rates of innovation and success in innovation. International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, 8(3), 1-20.
- Tropospheric Ozone and Winter Wheat Production in England and Wales: A Note. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 56(1), 145-151.
- Pesticide Productivity and Transgenic Cotton Technology: The South African Smallholder Case. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 56(1), 97-116.
- Reductions in insecticide use from adoption of Bt cotton in South Africa: impacts on economic performance and toxic load to the environment. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 142(6), 665-674.
- Rice versus fish revisited: On the integrated management of floodplain resources in Bangladesh. Natural Resources Forum, 28(2), 91-101.
- Energy substitutability in transition agriculture: Estimates and implications for Hungary. Agricultural Economics, 29(2), 181-193.
- The efficiency of input use during the early transition in hungary. Economic Change and Restructuring, 35(2), 183-204.
- Bayesian spatial probit estimation: A primer and an application to HYV rice adoption. Agricultural Economics, 27(3), 383-402.
- The Efficiency of Input Use During the Early Transition in Hungary. Economics of Planning, 35(2), 183-204.
- Drought risk in Nicaragua: a crop, region and technology-specific empirical evaluation. Journal of Risk Research, 4(3), 275-290.
- Size Does Matter: Technical and Scale Efficiency in Indian State Tax Jurisdictions. Review of Development Economics, 4(3), 340-352.
- Macroeconomic Causes and Effects of Noncommunicable Disease: The Case of Diet and Obesity, Encyclopedia of Health Economics (pp. 160-164). Elsevier
Conference proceedings papers
- Bayesian spatial probit estimation: a primer and an application to HYV rice adoption. Agricultural Economics, Vol. 27(3) (pp 383-402)