Department of History,
Faculty of Arts and Humanities
We have a long and distinguished tradition in teaching and researching the history of the Middle Ages, and have recently expanded to encompass ancient history, establishing a unique concentration of expertise in setting the medieval period in context.
You’ll work with our internationally-renowned scholars to deepen your understanding of the medieval and ancient worlds.
You will take three core modules.
See the Teaching section for information about staff working on medieval history topics including their expected availability for dissertation supervision.
- Approaching the Middle Ages
This module provides students with a grounding in key themes and debates in current medieval research. Classes will focus on historiographical developments and new methodological approaches to familiar problems, covering topics such as the problems of studying pre-industrial societies, the interpretation of material culture, methods for studying the medieval economy, and the examination of power structures and political culture. Students will also be introduced to technical and methodological problems associated with the effective use and interpretation of pre-modern sources, such as court records, tax records and accounts, chronicles and pamphlets, paintings, drawings and artefacts.30 credits
- Dissertation in Historical Research
You will undertake an individual research project, based on an identifiable collection of primary sources and present your findings in a dissertation of 15,000 words. The dissertation provides you with the opportunity to further develop the skills and methods that you have learnt during the first part of your MA degree and to apply this historical knowledge to your investigation. It represents an original piece of independent research and should be based on a substantial primary source base and demonstrate a thorough knowledge of the secondary literature. Through the dissertation you will demonstrate your practical understanding of how established techniques of research and enquiry are used to create and interpret historical knowledge. You will work under the supervision of an expert member of staff who will provide guidance and regular tutorial support. There will also be milestones in place throughout the year to make sure that you are on track with your progress.60 credits
- Research Presentation for Historians
This core module is designed to equip you with the skills and experience that you need to present and communicate a defined historical research project to an academic audience. The subject of the presentation will be your dissertation topic and so this module will also contribute towards the successful completion of your dissertation.15 credits
In this module, you will identify the specific research questions driving your dissertation and learn how to discuss the sources and approaches you are using to answer them. You will develop your ability to present your research data and findings in an accessible form to an audience, and you will enhance your ability to use presentational aids such as PowerPoint, data projection, and visual aids. The module also aims to improve your skill and confidence in speaking to an audience and responding to questions; this gives you the opportunity to develop the presentational skills demanded by employers as well as by a career in academic research.
You will choose 75 credits of option modules. You will normally take 30 credits of options in semester one and 45 credits in semester two, including one 30 credit option. Part-time students will normally take 15 credits of option in semester one of the first year, leaving the remaining 15 credits until year two.
This 75 credit selection can include up to 30 credits from the guided list of non-history modules (see guided modules tab).
- Before Facebook: Social Networks in History
In a world of Facebook, Twitter and Instagram, social networks seem a distinctly modern phenomenon, but are they only a product of our digital age? This module explores historians' efforts to reconstruct social networks in diverse contexts, from the ancient to the modern world. Drawing upon techniques first developed by social scientists, and increasingly digital methods too, they have found networks of trade and business; religious groups and political exiles; family, friends and much more. This innovative work is revealing how far lives and communities cut across boundaries of time and space - with important consequences for historical debates and issues.15 credits
- Biopolitics: Medicine, Meaning and Power
Medicine is centrally concerned with human identity. Medical ideas, medical practices and medical professionals are fundamental to how humans in the twenty-first century think of themselves. Public health informs ideas of responsible citizenship, workplace initiatives on mental health promote mindfulness, assessments of ‘risk’ in psychiatry are highly racially charged. Modern sexuality is highly medical, and our very notions of what humans are has been shaped by disciplines as diverse as neuroscience and medical anthropology. Figures from history are routinely diagnosed with modern diseases, for a variety of ends, and health activism and consumerism has been part of political calculations for decades. This course will familiarize you with some of the major ways humans have been managed and modified in modern medicine.30 credits
- Church, Life, and Law in the Central Middle Ages
In the central Middle Ages, the papacy re-emerged as a power in Europe at the same time as a monk-bishop in Italy produced a new collection of texts relating to church law. Despite a series of charismatic but divisive popes, the papacy’s zenith would not have been reached had it not been for that collection, Gratian's Decretum, which provoked a new, vibrant, and creative era in the Latin Church and which lingered for centuries: used wherever Latin Christianity travelled, it was revised, reorganised, and expanded over the years and only replaced in 1917. This module introduces you to the key sources and concepts that underpinned medieval canon law, both the Decretum and its predecessors and successors, and their use – and abuse – by lawyers, popes, kings, clerics, and scholars during the period. Covering topics from marriage to politics, and using contemporary cases, treatises and manuscripts, this module asks how church law established itself, developed, and was employed at a time of change and 'Reform’, and looks to the influence that that law exerted over Christian Europe.15 credits
- Food and Drink
Food and drink are not just fundamental to human survival; they are interwoven into every aspect of life, from economic exchange, politics and governance, to culture, identities and habits. Moreover – since the ways in which food and drink are produced, distributed and consumed have varied with time, place, culture and climate – they offer important insights into historical societies and cultures around the globe and across time. This module engages with the big themes in food and drink history and explores them through case studies taken from different geographical, chronological and cultural contexts. We will study issues such as famine and food management; trade and the global diffusion of foodstuffs; diet, health and medicine; national, regional and social identities; industrialisation, technologies and commercialisation; recipes, preparation and cuisine; consumption practices and manners; and literary representations and material cultures. Through this, the module will introduce you to the possibilities of historical research into diverse foodstuffs – from caffeinated drinks and alcohols to pulses and grains – for understanding the historical societies that they sustained.30 credits
- Language and Society in Early Modern England
This course invites students to think about what words meant in early modern England - not merely to social and intellectual elites (though they are certainly part of the mix) but also ordinary men and women. In so doing it encourages reflection about the implications of these meanings - and their changes and continuities over time - for social attitudes, relationships, and practices. These aims reflect the impact of the infamous 'linguistic turn' on early modern studies and how some of the most interesting recent work on language and meaning has been done at the intersection between literary, intellectual, and social history.15 credits
- Microhistory and the History of Everyday Life
The choice of scale is of fundamental importance in determining the kind of history that is produced. It influences the choice of source materials, the way these are handled, and the sorts of conclusions that can be reached. In this module we critically examine the theory, method and practice of two related historiographical approaches: microhistory and the history of everyday life, both of which emphasized the intensive study of the small scale and were influenced by anthropology. Students will develop an appreciation of the theoretical issues and practical experience in applying this to their own research.15 credits
- Migration in the Ancient World
This module explores the role migration played in the classical and ancient world. Study is divided into five areas: the social scientific basis for historical reconstruction through migration; economic migration; migration and the formation of communal identity; forced migration as imperial policy; the forced migrants' voice in antiquity. This module draws primarily on ancient texts (e.g., Mesopotamian annals and myths, the Hebrew Bible, ancient Greek histories). Students will develop skills and knowledge relevant to the study of migration broadly conceived (both in the humanities and social sciences), but is especially relevant to those interested in forced migration.15 credits
- Oral History
Oral testimony has established itself as a vital source for historians of the modern world, but its value is still widely contested. This module introduces students to the practice of oral history and the debates surrounding it. We will examine the different ways in which historians have used oral testimony and how this evidence has shaped our understanding of the past; explore the relationships between memory, narrative and meaning; and introduce students to the ethics and practicalities of interviewing. The module will equip you with the tools to conduct your interviews, and to use oral history testimony critically and sensitively.15 credits
- Presenting the Past: Making History Public
The primary focus of this module is the interpretation and creation of 'public history'. The module will enable students to reflect on the issues involved in disseminating history outside academia and develop communication and presentation skills for audiences outside higher education. Students will be required to (1) analyse examples of public history and (2) create an example of public history.The module may be of particular interest to students planning to pursue careers in heritage, museums or education. Seminars will include discussion of: issues in public history; displaying objects and presenting interiors; the role of public history in post-conflict societies; writing for the 'public'; sound and vision; digital history.15 credits
- Public History and Policy: Theory and Practice
This module explores ways that the best findings of specialist, academic history can be used to engage a wide audience to influence its understanding of and views on policy. Seminars and readings employ case studies (from ancient to modern history and around the globe) and engagements with practitioners in order to glean insights about how and why historians have (more or less) successfully engaged with policy and policy makers. The assessment invites students to write a policy paper (or similar piece aimed at non-specialists) on a topic selected in collaboration with the module leader.30 credits
- Research Skills for Historians
This module is designed to equip students with the research skills necessary for independent investigation and further study in History. Students will discuss the changing nature of the historical discipline as it has adapted to interdisciplinary impulses, and the skills needed for a more refined analysis of both textual and visual primary sources. In Masterclasses taught by specialists, students will familiarise themselves with the possibilities associated with different types of primary sources (e.g. legal documents, press, oral history). Additional classes will help them work more effectively with library collections and develop subject-specific as well as generic IT skills (locating information in databases, using web-based resources, advanced bibliographical management).15 credits
- The Animal Turn: human and non-human animals in history
This module engages with the new 'Animal turn' in the Humanities. No longer does the mention of non-human history lead to amusement and surprise, as was the case until fairly recently, and the field has attracted huge attention from a range of disciplines. This module acknowledges this change, and engages with some of the most influential works on related issues. At the same time, it also engages with a wide range of controversies and debates, starting from the issue of whether it is right to use terms such as ‘animals’ and ‘non-humans,’ as they reduce the wide diversity of life-forms into one or more anthropocentric categories.15 credits
In examining these debates, the module will deal with questions such as the following: Is it right to talk about the agency of non-humans in the same way as we talk of human agency? In what ways has the relationship between humans and non-humans changed over time? How have humans represented non-humans, and is it possible to re-read these representations in non-anthropocentric ways? What are the ways in which non-humans have been exhibited and studied since early-modern times? What will a history, which is inclusive of non-humans, look like? In discussing these questions, we will go through a range of writings from colonial and non-colonial contexts.
- The Dawn of Modernity in the Late Middle Ages
This module seeks to reassess the picture of the late Middle Ages as an age of crisis and decay to be replaced by the Renaissance and modernity. It aims to show how groups of innovative people invented a new world characterised by international capitalism, man-centred subjectivity and claims of communal participation, and why their new world(s) became the dominant framework of European history for the centuries to follow. The first modern European colonies in the near Atlantic Ocean were both a laboratory for, and a crucial step to, the successful establishment of a new world within and without Europe.15 credits
- The United States and the Global Cold War
For two decades, historians have extended the geographic boundaries of the Cold War, thrusting the Global South to the fore of a field usually focused on superpower rivalries. Yet while this scholarship has deliberately decentred the United States, it has also shed new light on American history, illuminating – among other things – the international legacy of the New Deal, the anti-colonial cosmopolitanism of civil rights activists, and the potent force of American soft power. Drawing on a rich recent historiography, this module explores the interplay between the domestic and the foreign in a global conflict.30 credits
- Wikipedia and Medieval History
Wikipedia is today probably the world's chief source of historical knowledge. Every day, its pages on history are read by many thousands of people. Yet professional historians tend to avoid engaging with it. This course seeks to change that. As well as discussing critical perspectives on Wikipedia, students will receive practical training in creating or editing a page on a historical topic. They will then apply their studies in a hands-on way to improving the encyclopedia's coverage of the Middle Ages, and reflect on the kind of historical knowledge of the period it promotes and disseminates.15 credits
- Women and Power
This module explores the roles women have played within and through structures and discourses of power: as wielders of office, as victims of persecution, and as agents of cultural change. The module focuses on Europe in the High Middle Ages, drawing on a range of theoretical approaches and on written and material forms of evidence to enable students to reach their own insights. While focused on the Middle Ages, the module offers itself as a case study in the methodological challenge of identifying female agency in the historical record.30 credits
- Work Placement
This module aims to give students an insight into the day to day workings of a museum, school or research institute, in order to develop history-specific vocational skills and promote reflection on the issues involved in disseminating history outside academia. The module provides a vocational component to the Department of History postgraduate portfolio, and may be of particular interest to those MA students not planning to pursue a PhD after their studies. Students will choose a placement from those offered at the start of the academic year and then negotiate a role within that placement relevant to their area of study. Following a placement of approximately 100 hours with an employer an essay will then be completed by the student reflecting on the work they undertook. Seminars and tutorials before and after the placement will allow students to compare and contrast their experiences.15 credits
- Worlds of Labour: Working Class Lives in Colonial South Asia
Together with the image of India as an emerging economic 'powerhouse', there is another image that receives a huge amount of international attention - that of over-crowded slums, pavement-dwellers, grinding poverty, filth and squalor. Behind such generalised depictions, though, lie rich and varied lives of working class Individuals. This module intends to examine these lives in some detail, and will situate them within a wide range of contexts (e.g. e.g. within mills, factories, plantations, the White Sahib's bungalow etc). In doing this, it will focus on the long nineteenth century – a period when urbanisation had gathered pace, and factories, mills and plantations became more numerous.30 credits
Your 75 credit option module selection can include up to 30 credits from this guided module list. The owning department has final approval for acceptance onto their modules and, if space becomes limited, priority may be given to students registered in that department.
Students can select Languages for All modules where relevant to their programme of study. These modules are 10 credits and must be taken alongside the appropriate Enhanced Languages module (5 credits).
- Archaeology in the Classical Mediterranean
Investigates the archaeology of the Classical Mediterranean world, with a focus on interrogating the development of the discipline and approaches (first half) and then using this background to explore the themes of colonisation and identity (second half). Examples will be drawn from European societies from the Late Bronze Age/Early Iron Age in the Greek world through the fall of the Roman empire, drawing on material from the Mediterranean and the Black Sea regions.15 credits
- Digital Cultural Heritage: Theory and Practice
This module examines the theoretical and methodological advances in Digital Cultural Heritage and their15 credits
broader implications in fields concerned with the interpretation and presentation of the past. We will draw on
theoretical readings as well as analyse the potential benefits and drawbacks of certain digital and online
approaches. Topics include: principles and theories underlying Digital Cultural Heritage, understanding
processes of creating digital surrogates, establishing principles for user experience, and exploring digital
narratives for public dissemination. A major component of this module will be a semester-long project that will
require the development of a proposal for a digital cultural heritage project.
- Heritage, Place and Community
The aim of this module is to introduce the theory and practice of heritage, conservation and public archaeology. The module will encourage debate on issues that affect how we define and apply the term `heritage'. It also offers an opportunity to focus on the historic `value' of a site or landscape, with an evaluation of how it is currently managed, and strategies for its future conservation and presentation.15 credits
- Heritage, History and Identity
This module highlights the diversity of cultural heritage, ranging from cultural and ‘natural’ landscapes, through monuments to music, dress, cuisine, ‘traditional’ crafts, and language and dialect. It explores the role of these various forms of heritage in shaping local, regional and national identity; the extent to which they reflect or misrepresent local, regional and national history; the legal and ethical issues surrounding conservation and preservation of heritage; and how study of ‘traditional’ lifeways may contribute to understanding of history.15 credits
- Later Neolithic and Bronze Age Britain & Ireland
The module introduces the Later Neolithic and Bronze Age of Britain and Ireland (2800-750 BC). This period witnessed dramatic and lasting changes in the constitution of society, the formation of the landscape, and the meanings of material culture. These changes included the full adoption of agriculture, the construction of major ceremonial monuments such as Stonehenge, the flourishing and decline of novel burial rites, the development of metallurgy, and the widespread enclosure of the countryside into field systems. Through lectures and small-group discussion, and fieldtrips, we will review and debate the major themes that have dominated archaeological narratives of the period.20 credits
- Roman Italy and its Hinterland
Provides you with a detailed knowledge of the archaeology of the Roman Empire, from the city of Rome to settlements in Italy and other regions of Europe. This module consists of two elements:•A series of 2-hour lectures (shared with UG module Rome: Capital, Hinterland and Periphery) that: trace the creation and development of Rome as cosmopolis, as well as the transformation of towns in Italy, the Mediterranean and Europe in emulation of Rome; explore and discuss the profound changes in society from Republic to Empire, the political and economic culture of Empire, and the visual and material expression of imperial ideology; examine the dialogue between the living and the dead and its cultural and social implications for Rome.•A series of MA-only seminars that explore in detail some of the key research themes of the period.15 credits
- Society and Culture in the Later Middle Ages
This module provides an introduction of the archaeology of later medieval Europe(c. AD 1100-1500), focusing on the regions of north-western Europe, but occasionally drawing on material from the lands around the Mediterranean. It explores many of the important theoretical issues relevant to early medieval archaeology, and also a range of problem-solving strategies within the discipline. The module consists of two elements: a series of lectures introducing important themes and debates within the medieval archaeology, and series of seminars that consider specific case-studies and key sites.15 credits
Digital Humanities Institute modules:
- Introduction to Cultural Data
This module examines cultural data, including methods for creating, analysing and communicating data. Cultural data is digital data about human culture and society, past and present: from ancient documents, artefacts and environments to present-day social media, digital arts and virtual worlds. Cultural data also uses a wide range of digital methods for its creation, analysis and communication, such as digitisation, crowdsourcing, AI, data visualisation, apps, digital exhibitions, and user-centred design. You will learn the principles, methods and tools for working with all types of cultural data, preparing you for a career in the media, information and cultural sectors.30 credits
- Introduction to Digital Culture
This module examines the theory and history of the interaction between culture and information and communication technology (ICT). ‘Digital culture’ refers to culture shaped by the emergence and use of digital technologies, their practices and artefacts. This module focuses on the changes wrought by the widespread adoption of networked computing, personalised technologies and digital images and sound, for the way we think about culture and cultural data, the contexts in which digital culture exists and is made, and their impacts for the creative/cultural industries. You will learn about the characteristics of digital culture including types of cultural forms and experiences, technical processes, and about digital practice and computing as a cultural activity, including its history, socio-cultural context, aesthetics, epistemologies, its ethical problems and critical debates. This will enable you to understand current forms of digital culture, critically contextualise your own and others’ digital practice, and anticipate future developments, as appropriate to knowledge-based careers in the cultural sector.30 credits
The content of our courses is reviewed annually to make sure it's up-to-date and relevant. Individual modules are occasionally updated or withdrawn. This is in response to discoveries through our world-leading research; funding changes; professional accreditation requirements; student or employer feedback; outcomes of reviews; and variations in staff or student numbers. In the event of any change we'll consult and inform students in good time and take reasonable steps to minimise disruption. We are no longer offering unrestricted module choice. If your course included unrestricted modules, your department will provide a list of modules from their own and other subject areas that you can choose from.
You’ll be taught through seminars, workshops and individual tutorials. Teaching and assessment methods may vary for non-history modules.
- Dissertation supervisors list
Assessment is through written papers, oral presentation, and a dissertation.
- 1 year full-time
- 2 years part-time
The University of Sheffield has a unique relationship with the public. The MA in Medieval History reflects that in its structure, and that reflects on my own desire for a better relationship between history and the public outside of heritage sites and museums. A postgraduate degree from the University of Sheffield puts me on the front line of that ambition.
MA Medieval History
A 2:1 honours degree or equivalent in history or another humanities or social science discipline.
You may be asked to supply examples of previous written work.
Overall IELTS score of 7.0 with a minimum of 6.5 in each component, or equivalent.
If you have any questions about entry requirements, please contact the department.
Fees and funding
You can apply for postgraduate study using our Postgraduate Online Application Form. It's a quick and easy process.
+44 114 222 2552
Any supervisors and research areas listed are indicative and may change before the start of the course.
Recognition of professional qualifications: from 1 January 2021, in order to have any UK professional qualifications recognised for work in an EU country across a number of regulated and other professions you need to apply to the host country for recognition. Read information from the UK government and the EU Regulated Professions Database.