Dr Paul Schneider

MSc MD DrMed PhD

Population Health, School of Medicine and Population Health

Postdoctoral Researcher

ScHARR member of staff
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Dr Paul Schneider
Population Health, School of Medicine and Population Health
Regent Court (ScHARR)
30 Regent Street
S1 4DA

Dr Paul Schneider is a postdoctoral researcher at HEDS. He joined the unit in 2023 after he completed his PhD in the Wellcome Trust doctoral training center for public health, economics, and decision science.

Research interests:
- Measurement and (social) valuation of health
- Risk benefit assessment
- Preference heterogeneity, aggregation, and collective choice

Current work
Paul is working on a new approach for eliciting health preferences from patients and members of the general public called Online elicitation of Personal Utility Functions (OPUF). He is using modern software frameworks to develop better, more interactive web-based applications for collecting and analysing preference data.

Other activities
Paul is the founder of Valorem Health, a company developing preference elicitation software. He is a strong advocate for Open Science and member of the International Association of Health Preference Research, the ISPOR Health Preference Strategic Interest Group, and R for HTA.

Research interests

I am interested in the measurement and valuation of health in the context of health economic evaluations. More specifically, I am studying normative aspects of the aggregation of individual health state preferences into a social preference. For my research, I draw on methods and perspectives from various fields, combining health economic theory and cost-effectiveness modeling with ideas from game, social choice, and democratic theory.

PhD topic: Social tariffs, preference heterogeneity, and collective choice: how to derive societal health state values that reflect the will of the people?

Supervisors: Ben van Hout and John Brazier

Apart from this, I have wide-reaching research interests in Open Science, the use of modern software for more transparent and efficient decision modeling, and the generation of evidence from real-world data to continously inform policy making. I like learning new things and I am happy to collaborate on interdisciplinary research.

Research group




Working papers

Schneider PP. The QALY is ableist – on the unethical implications of health states worse than dead. 2020. lolaHESG discussion paper

Schneider PP. Setting Dead at Zero? On the contingency of the utility unit scale. 2020. Working paper

Schneider PP, van Hout B, Brazier J. Fair interpersonal utility comparison in the context of health valuation studies: early results of a new multi-step preference aggregation procedure. 2020. EuroQol ECR discussion paper

Schneider PP. Interpersonal comparability of health state utilities: why it is unfair to measure preferences in units of full-health-time, and what we can do about it. 2019. HESG discussion paper

Schneider PP. Social tariffs and democratic choice - do population-based health state values reflect the will of the people? SocArXiv. 2019. 

Journal articles

Smith R, Schneider P. Making health economic models Shiny: A tutorial. Wellcome Open Research. 2020 Apr 14;5(69):69. https://doi.org/10.12688/wellcomeopenres.15807.2

Schneider PP, Pouwels XG, Passos VL, Ramaekers BL, Geurts SM, Ibragimova KI, de Boer M, Erdkamp F, Vriens BE, van de Wouw AJ, den Boer MO. Variability of cost trajectories over the last year of life in patients with advanced breast cancer in the Netherlands. Plos one. 2020 Apr 9;15(4):e0230909. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0230909

Smith R, Schneider P, Bullas A, Haake S, Quirk H, Cosulich R, Goyder E. Does ethnic density influence community participation in mass participation physical activity events? The case of parkrun in England. Wellcome Open Research. 2020 Jan 16;5(9):9. https://doi.org/10.12688/wellcomeopenres.15657.1

Schneider PP, van Gool CJ, Spreeuwenberg P, Hooiveld M, Donker GA, Barnett DJ, Paget J. Using web search queries to monitor influenza-like illness: an exploratory retrospective analysis, Netherlands, 2017/18 influenza season. Eurosurveillance. 2020 May 28;25(21):1900221.https://doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2020.25.21.1900221

Schneider PP, Geraedts M. Staffing and the incidence of pressure ulcers in German hospitals: A multicenter cross-sectional study. Nursing Health Sciences. 2016. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nhs.12292 (Open Access version: http://dx.doi.org/10.4126/FRL01-006402986)

Other research output

Preprint: Schneider PP, Smith RA, Bullas AM, Bayley T, Haake SSJ, Brennan A, Goyder E. Where should new parkrun events be located? Modelling the potential impact of 200 new events on socio-economic inequalities in access and participation. MedRxiv. 2019. https://doi.org/10.1101/19004143

Website: Schneider PP, Smith RA, Bullas AM, Bayley T, Haake SSJ, Brennan A, Goyder E. Identifying Optimal Locations for Maximising Access to parkun – Interactive online map. 2019. http://iol-map.shef.ac.uk/

R Tutorial: Schneider PP, Paget J, Spreeuwenberg P, Barnett D, van Gool C. Using Wikipedia and Google data to estimate near real-time influenza incidence in Germany: A Tutorial in R. 2017. https://projectflutrend.github.io/

Poster presentation: Schneider PP, Paget J, Barnett D, Spreeuwenberg P, van Gool C. We can monitor influneza in Germany in near real-time using online data from Google and Wikipedia. WEON. 2019. Conference Poster.

Thesis: Schneider PP. Association between nurse and physician staffing and the quality of care in German hospitals [in German]. 2017. https://doi.org/10.4126/FRL01-006405375

Poster presentation: Schneider PP, Kraska R, Geraedts M. Staffing and pressure ulcer prevention in hospitals [in German]. 59th Congress of the Society of Social Medicine and Prevention (DGSMP). 2016. Conference Poster and Abstract.