Emeritus Professor J Philip Grime

Emeritus Prof Philip Grime

Tel: +44 (0)114 222 4766

email : j.p.grime@sheffield.ac.uk


BSc (1956) PhD (1960) University of Sheffield
Member of Nature Conservancy Grassland Research Unit, Department of Botany, University of Sheffield (1961-63)
Ecologist, Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, Connecticut, USA (1963-64)
Deputy Director, Unit of Comparative Plant Ecology (UCPE), University of Sheffield (1964-89)
Director, The Buxton Climate Change Impacts Laboratory, University of Sheffield (1989-present).


2012 marks the nineteenth year of continuous climate manipulation
in the main experiment at the Buxton Climate Change Impacts Lab.
(bccil.group.shef.ac.uk). The six treatments include various combinations
of warming, summer drought (see automatically operated rainshelters, opposite),
and supplementary rainfall.

Main Research Interests

Role of plant, animal and microbial functional types in community and ecosystem processes. Investigations of the impacts of changes in land use and climate on vegetation. Use of microcosm techniques and field manipulations to study the effects of dominant plant species on the trophic structure of herbaceous vegetation. Experimental manipulations of the consequences of genetic impoverishment on vegetation properties.

Professional Activities

  1. Direction of the programme of research in terrestrial plant ecology.
  2. Maintenance, with Dr Jason Fridley and Mr Andrew Askew (both of Syracuse University, USA), of long-term experiments on the impacts of climate change on limestone grassland at our Buxton Laboratory within a secure site owned by the Health and Safety Laboratory.
  3. Liaison with a diverse range of individuals and organisations, both local and national, concerned with academic and applied aspects of plant ecology.


Elected Member of Dutch Royal Society (1993)

The Marsh Award for Ecology 1997, British Ecological Society

Elected Honorary Member of the Ecological Society of America (1998)

Elected Member of Royal Society (1998)

Doctor of Science, University of Nijmegen (1998)

Honorary Membership of BES (1998)

Inaugural recipient of the Alexander von Humboldt Award of the International Association for Vegetation Science (2011)

Recent Publications

Grime, J.P. and Pierce, S. 2012 The evolutionary strategies that shape ecosystems. Wiley/Blackwell, Chichester

Fridley, J.D., Grime, J.P., Huston, M.A., Pierce, S., Smart, S.M., Thompson, K., Börger, L., Brooker, R.W., Gross, N., Liancourt, P., Michalet, R., Le Bagousse-Pinguet, Y. 2012 Comment on "Productivity is a poor predictor of plant species richness". Science 335: 1441b

Askew, A.P., Fridley, J.D., Grime, J.P. 2011 Predicting future impacts of global change on grassland ecosystems: the role of long-term manipulations of climate. In: Lemaire, G., Hodgson, J. and Chabbi, A. (Eds), Grassland Productivity and Ecosystem Services. CABI Publishing, Cambridge, MA., 123-128

Moser, B., Fridley, J.D., Grime, J.P., Askew, A.P. 2011 Simulated migration in a long-term climate change experiment: invasions impeded by dispersal limitation, not biotic resistance. Journal of Ecology 99: 1229-1236

Fridley, J.D., Grime, J.P., Askew, A.P., Moser, B., Stevens, C.J. 2011 Soil heterogeneity buffers community response to climate change in species-rich grassland. Global Change Biology 17: 2002-2011

Fridley, J.D. and Grime, J.P. 2010 Community- and ecosystem-level consequences of intraspecific genetic diversity in grassland microcosms of varying species diversity. Ecology 91: 2272-2283

Silvertown, J., Tallowin, J., Stevens, C., Power, S.A., Morgan, V., Emmett, B., Hester, A., Grime, J.P., Morecroft, M., Buxton, R., Poulton, P., Jinks, R., Bardgett, R. 2010 Environmental myopia: a diagnosis and remedy. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 25: 556-561

Grime, J.P., Fridley, J.D., Askew, A.P., Thompson, K., Hodgson, J.G., Bennett, C.R. 2008 Long-term resistance to simulated climate change in an infertile grassland. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of USA 105: 10028-10032

Grime, J.P., Hodgson, J.G., Hunt, R. 2007 Comparative Plant Ecology: a functional approach to common British species. 2nd Edition, Castlepoint Press, Dalbeattie

Grime, J.P. 2007 The scale-precision trade-off in spatial resource foraging by plants: restoring perspective. Annals of Botany 99: 1017-1022

Grime, J.P. 2007 Plant strategy theories: a comment on Craine 2005 Journal of Ecology 95: 227-230

Whitlock, R., Grime, J.P., Booth, R.E., Burke, T.A. 2007 The role of genotypic diversity in determining grassland community structure under constant environmental conditions. Journal of Ecology 95: 895-907

Fridley, J.D., Grime, J.P., Bilton, M.C. 2007 Genetic identity of inter-specific neighbours mediates plant responses to competition and environmental variation in species-rich grassland. Journal of Ecology 95: 908-916

Grime, J.P. 2006 Trait convergence and trait divergence in herbaceous plant communities: mechanisms and consequences. Journal of Vegetation Science 17: 255-260

Thompson, K., Askew, A.P., Grime, J.P., Dunnett, N.P., Willis, A.J. 2005 Biodiversity, ecosystem function and plant traits in mature and immature plant communities. Functional Ecology 19: 355-358

Bates, J.W., Thompson, K., Grime, J.P. 2005 Effects of simulated long-term climatic change on the bryophytes of a limestone grassland community. Global Change Biology 11: 1-13

Grime, J.P. 2003 Plants hold the key: ecosystems in a changing world. Biologist 50: 87-93

Booth, R.E. and Grime, J.P. 2003 Effects of genetic impoverishment on plant community diversity. Journal of Ecology 91: 721-730

Wardle, D.A. and Grime, J.P. 2003 Biodiversity and stability of grassland ecosystem functioning. Oikos 100 (3): 622-623

Burt-Smith, G.S., Grime, J.P., Tilman, D. 2003 Seedling resistance to herbivory as a predictor of relative abundance in a synthesised prairie community. Oikos 101: 345-353

Grime, J.P. 2001 Plant strategies, vegetation processes and ecosystem properties. 2nd Edition, Wiley, Chichester

Top of page