Dr Kevin Kuykendall
Department of Archaeology
Senior Lecturer in Palaeoanthropology
Course Director- MSc Palaeoanthropology
Director of Graduate Studies
+44 114 222 2937
Full contact details
Department of Archaeology
Dr Kuykendall obtained his training in archaeology and palaeoanthropology, completing his BA degree at the University of Arizona in 1984.
During this time, he participated in archaeological fieldwork of Hohokam and Anasazi sites in Arizona, lithic scatters and historic logging camps in Northern California, and a Mayan temple complex in Belize (Central America).
His PhD research concerned the use of dental development and aging standards to assess the evolution of life history in early hominids such as Australopithecus africanus.
After completion of his PhD, Kuykendall accepted a lecturing position at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa and for the next decade was involved in fieldwork at the Plio-Pleistocene sites at the Makapansgat Limeworks, Buffalo Cave, and Gondolin.
He also has conducted research in the fields of skeletal biology, CT analysis of fossil hominid crania, and development of innovative teaching methods.
Kuykendall joined the Department of Archaeology at the University of Sheffield in 2004, where he is the course coordinator of the MSc Palaeoanthropology programme, and continues with research in palaeoanthropology.
- PhD (Washington University, USA; 1992) Dental development in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and implications for dental development patterns in fossil hominids.
- Research interests
- Plio-Pleistocene hominid fossil site survey and excavation
- evolution of early hominid life history
- the origin and evolution of Homo sapiens in Africa
- evolution and variation of the paranasal sinuses in primates
Current research projects/ collaborations
In search of Neanderthals: Limestone cave survey in the UK
This project is currently in the pilot/ development stage, and represents the attempt to apply the techniques developed in the South African Palaeocave Survey (see below) to the UK geological and archaeological context to locate Middle and Upper Palaeolithic Cave sites in the UK.
Collaborators: Andrew Reid, Wessex Archaeology; Chris Breedon, Wessex Archaeology; Glyn Davies, ArcHeritage; Andrew Chamberlain, University of Manchester.
South African Palaeocave Survey Project, South Africa
This project is to implement a regional GIS-based landscape survey of historic mining sites in South Africa, and to inventory such localities for the recovery of palaeoanthropological resources such as geological dating, environmental isotopes, palynology, mineral trace elements, fossils and other sampling techniques that will provide information about local environmental evolution.
This contextual information will provide data for the construction of a palaeoanthropological model of regional environmental evolution, and for the successful location of new fossil localities pertinent to furthering research on extinct hominid evolution.
Collaborators: J Brink, Bloemfontein Museum, South Africa; B Villmoare, University Nevada, Las Vegas, USA; K Lewton, University of Southern California, USA
Dental development and age estimation in chimpanzees and bonobos: applications to understanding early hominid life history.
This project involves the re-analysis of existing data sets of dental radiography in chimpanzees, and the acquisition and analysis of new radiographic data sets from museum collections in the UK and Europe. Dental development assessment provides a comparative schedule for determining the relative timing of developmental events in both extant and extinct primates and hominids, allowing further elucidation of the evolutionary differences in growth and life history schedules among different early hominid species.
Collaborators: J Boughner, University of Saskatchewan, Canada; C Brimacombe, Simon Fraser Univeristy, Canada.
Paranasal sinuses in extant and fossil primates
This project involves the 2D and 3D analysis of CT scan and other radiographic data sets to quantify and compare internal morphological structures in extant and fossil primate crania. One focus has been the investigation of the evolutionary presence and absence of the maxillary sinus in extinct species of colobine monkeys, whose descendant species (modern colobines) have lost this structure. We are currently developing a project to document and compare the eruption pathways and development of the dentition in relation to maxillary sinus pneumatisation in humans and apes using radiographic and CT data sets.
Collaborators: Todd C. Rae, Roehampton University; Lauren Butaric, Des Moines University, USA.
- Epiphyseal fusion and dental development in Pan paniscus with comparisons with Pan troglodytes. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 167(4), 903-913. View this article in WRRO
- The Dart Deposits of the Buxton Limeworks, Taung, South Africa, and the context of the Taung Australopithecus fossil. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 36(2), e1054937-e1054937.
- A multivariate approach to assess variation in tooth mineralization using free-lived and captive-raised chimpanzees ( P. troglodytes ). American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 158(3), 452-462.
- Analysis of correlations between measures of skeletal development and dental mineralization in Pan troglodytes. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 158(2), 279-287.
- Epiphyseal fusion inPan troglodytesrelative to dental age. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 157(1), 19-29.
- The Human Biology of the Past. Annals of Human Biology, 41(4), 283-286.
- Continuous dental eruption identifies Sts 5 as the developmentally oldest fossil hominin and informs the taxonomy of Australopithecus africanus. Journal of Human Evolution, 65(6), 798-805.
- New species of Cercopithecoides from Haasgat, North West Province, South Africa. Journal of Human Evolution, 60(1), 83-93.
- The history and composition of the Raymond A. Dart collection of human skeletons at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 140(2), 324-335.
- Presence of the maxillary sinus in fossil Colobinae (Cercopithecoides williamsi) from South Africa.. Anat Rec (Hoboken), 291(11), 1499-1505.
- Twelve Galton Lectures: A Centenary Selection with Commentaries. Edited by Steve Jones & Milo Keynes. Pp. 348. (The Galton Institute, London, 2007.) £5.00, ISBN 978-0-9546570-1-7, hardback.. Journal of Biosocial Science, 40(6), 939-940.
- Reproduction and fitness in baboons: Behavioral, ecological, and life history perspectives. AM J PHYS ANTHROPOL, 136(3), 370-371.
- Stature estimation from bones of South African whites. South African Journal of Science, 104(3-4), 124-128.
- Orbital forcing and the spread of C-4 grasses in the late Neogene: stable isotope evidence from South African speleothems. J HUM EVOL, 53(5), 620-633.
- Taphonomy of a South African cave: geological and hydrological influences on the GD 1 fossil assemblage at Gondolin, a Plio-Pleistocene paleocave system in the Northwest Province, South Africa. QUATERNARY SCI REV, 26(19-21), 2526-2543.
- High- and low-latitude orbital forcing of early hominin habitats in South Africa. EARTH PLANET SC LETT, 256(3-4), 419-432.
- Speleology and magnetobiostratigraphic chronology of the GD 2 locality of the Gondolin hominin-bearing paleocave deposits, North West Province, South Africa. J HUM EVOL, 51(6), 617-631.
- Speleology and magnetobiostratigraphic chronology of Buffalo Cave fossil site, Makapansgat, South Africa. QUATERNARY RES, 66(2), 233-245.
- Patella measurements of South African whites as sex assessors.. Homo, 56(1), 69-74.
- Recent paleoanthropological excavations of In Situ deposits at Makapansgat, South Africa - A first report. Collegium Antropologicum, 28(SUPPL. 2), 43-57.
- Fossil excavations of the Makapansgat Member 2 and adjacent breccias. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 80-80.
- The formation and sedimentary infilling of the Limeworks Cave, Makapansgat, South Africa. Palaeontologia Africana(39), 69-82.
- Preliminary report on the faunal remains and taphonomy of in situ and dumpsite breccia deposits from Gondolin, North West Province, South Africa.. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 56-56.
- Re-examination of the lower stratigraphy in the classic section, limeworks site, Makapansgat, South Africa. Human Evolution, 17(3-4), 207-214.
- Dental asymmetry in South African australopithecines: a preliminary analysis of odontometric and morphological components. JOURNAL OF HUMAN EVOLUTION, 42(3), A18-A19.
- A comparative analysis of tooth mineralisation and paranasal sinus development in the Taung child. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 98-99.
- The use of ‘SRT’ in sampling the Makapansgat Limeworks hominid palaeocave, South Africa. Antiquity, 75(288), 251-252.
- ESR dating the hominid-bearing breccias at the Makapansgat Limeworks Cave, South Africa. JOURNAL OF HUMAN EVOLUTION, 40(3), A3-A4.
- On radiographic and histological methods for assessing dental development in chimpanzees: comments on Beynon et al. (1998) and Reid et al. (1998). Journal of Human Evolution, 40(1), 67-76.
- Never letting the facts get in the way of a good story. South African Journal of Science, 97(5-6), 177-178.
- An assessment of deciduous tooth mineralisation in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes).. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 94-94.
- On reported differences between histological and radiological studies of tooth calcification in chimpanzees.. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 203-203.
- The Makapansgat Australopithecine site from a speleological perspective. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 165(1), 61-77.
- First record of hominid teeth from the Plio-Pleistocene site of Gondolin, South Africa.. J Hum Evol, 37(2), 299-307.
- Description of the Gondolin teeth: Hyper-robust hominids in South Africa?. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 176-177.
- Enamel structure and development. Evolutionary Anthropology: Issues, News, and Reviews, 5(5), 150-151.
- Dental development in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes): the timing of tooth calcification stages.. Am J Phys Anthropol, 99(1), 135-157.
- Permanent tooth calcification in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes): patterns and polymorphisms.. Am J Phys Anthropol, 99(1), 159-174.
- Paleopediatrics: Or when did human infants really become human?. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 98(2), 121-131.
- SEX-DIFFERENCES IN CHIMPANZEE DENTAL DEVELOPMENT PATTERNS. JOURNAL OF DENTAL RESEARCH, 74(3), 1015-1015.
- Preliminary analysis of the fauna from Buffalo Cave, northern Transvaal, South Africa. Palaeontologia Africana, 32, 27-31.
- Probit and survival analysis of tooth emergence ages in a mixed-longitudinal sample of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 89(3), 379-399.
- On the evolutionary development of early hominid molar teeth and the Gondolin Paranthropus molar In Reynolds SC & Gallagher A (Ed.), African Genesis (pp. 280-297). Cambridge University Press
Conference proceedings papers
- Dental maturity ages in Pan: can estimation error be improved?. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, Vol. 159 (pp 199-199)
- Dental maturity score in chimpanzees. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, Vol. 156 (pp 195-196)
- The South African Palaeocave Survey: A regional GIS approach to palaeoanthropological fieldwork. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, Vol. 150 (pp 175-175)
- Continuous dental eruption and the age at death of Sts 5.. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, Vol. 150 (pp 279-279)
- Revisiting dental age assessments in wild and captive Pan: new analyses of classic data.. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, Vol. 147 (pp 186-187)
- The Raymond A. Dart Collection of Human Skeletons: history, inventory and demographic assessment. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY (pp 115-115)
- Oxygen isotope analysis of tooth enamel carbonate from Plio-Pleistocene South African fossil sites.. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY (pp 78-78)
- An analysis of the dental and mandibular morphology of the Makapansgat hominids.. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY (pp 83-83)
- So early hominids grew up like apes - now what?. AM J PHYS ANTHROPOL (pp 117-117)
- Research group
- J Mogg. Refining locomotory style in the fossil record through the use of muscle attachment sites, pelvic proportions and 3D morphometrics in extant and fossil species, University of Sheffield. Second supervisor: Pia Nystrom.
- Kinsey Oleman. The application of primate life history models to life history reconstruction in Homo erectus. Second supervisor: Sue Sherratt.
- Rebecca Haywood. The perennial or occasional ‘Nutcracker Man’? Does dietary adaptation explain the derived craniofacial morphology of Paranthropus? Second supervisor: Pia Nystrom.
Areas of potential research supervision
- hominoid dental development and early hominid life history reconstruction
- GIS and landscape approaches to Plio-Pleistocene hominid fossil site survey
- CT-based analysis of craniofacial development and variation in fossil and extant primates
- Teaching activities
- Origins of Humanity
- Human evolution and the hominid fossil record
- Professional activities
- Society for the Study of Human Biology
- European Society for the study of Human Evolution
- American Association of Physical Anthropologists
- Palaeoanthropology Society
- Dental Anthropology Association
- Kuykendall. K. L., (2015). Using the Dental Maturity Score to understand variation in chimpanzee dental maturity. SSHB Proffered Papers Meeting, Southampton.
- Kuykendall, K. L., (2015). Dental maturity score in chimpanzees (poster). American Journal of Physical Anthropology 156:195-196. 84th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, St. Louis, MO USA.
- Kuykendall, K.L., A. Reid, K.L. Lewton, B. Villmoare, and Brink, J. 2013. The South African Palaeocave Survey: A GIS approach to regional site survey (poster). British Cave Research Association Symposium, Keyworth, UK.
- Kuykendall, K.L., A. Reid, K.L. Lewton, B. Villmoare, and Brink, J. 2013. The South African Palaeocave survey: preliminary results using a regional GIS approach in palaeoanthropology (podium). Dearne Valley Archaeology Day, Wath upon Dearne, Rotherham, UK.
- Kuykendall, K.L., B. Villmoare, and Brink, J. 2012. The heritage of lime mining and palaeoanthropology in South Africa: A GIS approach to regional site survey (poster). Digital Humanities Symposium – Virtualisation and Heritage, University of York, UK.
- Rae, T.C., Kuykendall, K.L., and Koppe, T., (2011). Different biomechanical regimes do not affect craniofacial pneumatization in fossil hominins (poster). 80th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.
- Kuykendall, KL and Seymour, L (2009). Inspiring solutions or square pegs in round holes? Critical reflections on the use of e-learning to support Undergraduate Dissertations in Archaeology (podium). Teaching & Learning in Archaeology 2009, The Higher Education Academy, Subject Centre for History, Classics and Archaeology. Birkbeck College, London.
- Williams, C.J., and Kuykendall, K.L. (2009). A preliminary assessment of linear measurements for root growth in permanent molar teeth of the chimpanzee and fossil hominids (poster). The Palaeoanthropology Society, Chicago, USA.
- Dayal, M.R., Kegley, A.D.T., Strkalj, G., Bidmos, and Kuykendall, K.L. (2009). The Raymond A. Dart Collection of Human Skeletons: history, inventory and demographic assessment (poster). The American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Chicago, USA.
- Kuykendall, K.L. (2008). Inquiry-based approaches in Palaeoanthropology: teaching modern humans old tricks (poster). Learning Through Enquiry Alliance (LTEA) Conference 2008: Inquiry in a Networked World, University of Sheffield, CILASS.
- Chambers, E.N., McKee, J.K., and Kuykendall, K.L. (2008). Oxygen isotope analysis of tooth enamel carbonate from Plio-Pleistocene South African fossil sites (poster). Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Columbus, Ohio USA.
- Crawford, T.C., Kuykendall, K.L., McKee, J.K., and Conroy, G. C. (2008). An analysis of the dental and mandibular morphology of the Makapansgat hominids (poster). Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Columbus, Ohio USA.
- Kuykendall, K.L. (2008). Metrical and developmental comparison of a mandibular second molar from Gondolin: a case for hyper-robust Paranthropus in southern Africa? (abstract). Annual meeting of the Society for the Study of Human Biology, Oxford University, UK.
- Kuykendall, K.L., and Rae, T.C. (2007). Presence of the maxillary sinus in the fossil Colobine Cercopithecoides williamsi from South Africa: An assessment using Computed Tomography (abstract). Annual meetings of the Palaeoanthropology Society, Philadelphia, PA.
- Kuykendall, K.L., (2006). Life history in Australopithecus and Paranthropus (abstract). African Genesis Symposium, University of the Witwatersrand. Johannesburg, South Africa.
- Kuykendall, K.L. (2004). Growth, development and life history in ‘gracile’ and ‘robust’ australopithecines (abstract). Annual Meetings of the Palaeoanthropology Society, McGill University, Montreal, Canada.
- Crawford, T.C., McKee, J.K., Conroy, G.C., Kuykendall, K.L., and Latham, A.G. (2004). Fossil excavations of the Makapansgat Member 2 and adjacent breccias (abstract). 73rd Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Tampa, FLA, USA. AJPA Suppl. 38:80.