Funerary Archaeology research cluster
Funerary Archaeology at Sheffield is a discipline founded on diverse and complementary evidence for ritual activities that served to both mark and negotiate the transition from life to death. We seek to explore all aspects of the funerary record, drawing on evidence from multiple scales including skeletal remains, grave furnishings, burial form, funerary commemoration, standing structures and landscapes; integrating these more widely with historical records where possible.
Members of this research cluster specialise in a variety of archaeological sub-disciplines including: epigraphy, material culture studies, thanatology, human osteology, zooarchaeology and stable isotope analysis. We are interested in questions concerning the nature and expression of individual and group identity in both life and death, and social connections evidenced through mortuary behaviour. We have particular strengths in periods spanning the last millennium, and in both the study of childhood through funerary remains and in the ritual use of animals.
Our department has a long tradition in championing integrated and holistic approaches to the study of death and burial which we continue to develop through world-leading research projects.
The Centre for the Archaeology of Childhood at the University of Sheffield draws together researchers with interests in exploring the nature and experience of childhood in the past.
The study of childhood in the past has been invigorated by significant recent works by both archaeologists and historians, and now spans diverse aspects of youth: education, play, work, upbringing, and religion, in addition to key rites of passage in the child’s life from conception to maturity. For the archaeologist, the diverse evidence for childhood in the past includes the spaces children occupied, objects they interacted with and the physical remains of children themselves.
The Centre for the Archaeology of Childhood brings together archaeological researchers with diverse period, material and methodological expertise. Our research includes the examination of material culture, human skeletal remains and stable isotope data; and ranges in scale from sites within their wider landscape to single objects or individuals. Our approach is often interdisciplinary, drawing on allied subjects such as History to enrich our investigations.
The Centre is the only dedicated research cluster focused on the archaeology of childhood in the UK, and reflects the significant concentration of archaeologists of infancy and childhood at Sheffield. Through our respective approaches, and collaboratively as a centre, we seek to illuminate the world inhabited and created by infants and children across time and space.
Active research projects
Eaves-drip burial and differential funerary treatment of infants in early Christian cemeteries.
Funded by the University of Sheffield Early Career Researcher Scheme.
An interdisciplinary project focusing on the newly discovered migration-period cemetery at Scremby, Lincolnshire.
Excavation and research into a 14th-century Black Death mass grave.
The Material Body: An Interdisciplinary Study Using History and Archaeology
In collaboration with Karen Harvey, Sheffield. Funded by the British Academy.
Mater Matuta and Related Goddesses: Guaranteeing Maternal Fertility and Infant Survival in Italic and Roman Italy
Funded through the Hugh Last Fellowship at the British School at Rome.
This research project explores the diverse evidence for fertility goddesses and the association of the divine with pregnancy, childbirth, and nursing in late Iron Age and Roman Italy, primarily the 4th to 1st centuries B.C. It assesses the religious context of these deities and examines aspects of their worship and veneration, including especially votive dedications and images of fecundity in Rome, Capua, Satricum and many other central and southern Italian sites.
Craig-Atkins, E. 2016. Seeking ‘Norman Burials’, evidence for continuity and change in funerary practice following the Norman Conquest. In Dyer, C. and Hadley, D. M. The Norman Conquest: transformations and continuities. Society for Medieval Archaeology Monograph Series.
Craig-Atkins E. 2014. Eavesdropping on short lives: Eaves-drip burial and the differential treatment of children one year of age and under in early Christian cemeteries. In Hadley, D.M. and Hemer, K.A. (eds). Medieval childhood: archaeological approaches. SSCIP Monograph 3. Oxbow: 95-113.
Hadley, D.M. and Hemer, K.A. (eds.). 2014. Medieval Childhood: archaeological approaches. SSCIP Monograph 3. Oxford, Oxbow.
Hemer, K.A. 2014. ‘Are we nearly there yet? Children and migration in early medieval western Britain’, in Hadley, D.M. and Hemer, K. A. (eds.). Medieval Childhood: archaeological approaches. SSCIP Monograph 3. Oxford, Oxbow.
2013 Corbino C.A. and P. Mazza, Faunal remains at the castle of Al-Wu’Ayra, in Petra, and at the castle of Shawbak (crusaders’ period), Studies in the History and the Archaeology of Jordan XI, Amman, pp.159-164.
Craig-Atkins E. 2012. Chest burial: a middle Anglo-Saxon funerary rite from Northern England. Oxford Journal of Archaeology:31:3 317-37.
M. Carroll, Ethnicity and Gender in Roman Funerary Commemoration: Case studies from the empire’s frontiers, in S. Tarlow and L. Nilsson Stutz (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013, 559-579
M. Carroll and J.P. Wild (eds)., Dressing the Dead in Classical Antiquity. Stroud: Amberley Publishing, 2012
M. Carroll and J. Rempel (eds.), Living through the Dead. Burial and Commemoration in the Classical World. Oxford: Oxbow, 2011
2011 ‘Burial in the Bosporan kingdom: local traditions in regional context(s),’ in M. Carroll and J. Rempel (eds) Living Through The Dead: Burial and commemoration in the Classical world, 21-46. Oxbow.
M. Carroll and J. Rempel (eds). 2011. Living through the Dead: Burial and commemoration in the Classical world. Oxbow.
2011 Affuso A. and C.A. Corbino. Ambiente e strategie economiche nel Metapontino dal Neolitico al Medioevo, Studi per l’Ecologia del Quaternario, Firenze, pp. 15-25.