Professor Matthew Holley
Brief career history
I am primarily interested in the development and function of the mammalian inner ear with a focus on potential treatments for hearing loss. I have developed in vitro models for the differentiation of sensory hair cells and sensory nerves and use them in conjunction with microarrays to study gene networks centred on the transcription factor Gata3. I have also explored a model system for cell transplantation into the inner ear in vivo.
Auditory neuroscience Mammalian development and regeneration
My research is focused on potential regeneration of the inner ear via cell transplantation (with Sekiya) and via activation of early developmental mechanisms. The transcription factor gata3 coordinates development of sensory cells, supporting cells and both afferent and efferent nerves. We are using various transgenic mouse lines to target gata3 expression and to explore its function in these different cell types in vivo.
I am also developing conditionally immortal cochlear cell lines carrying a reporter for gata3 that can be used for screening for genes and extrinsic factors that regulate gata3 expression. Gata3 enhances the ability of the transcription factor Atoh1 to generate new hair cells and its re-expression in adult ears could support more efficient therapeutic regeneration.