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Dr Lenny Salvagno                     

Gerda Henkel Post Doctoral Fellow

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PhD University of Sheffield
Honours Degree University of Parma (Italy)


I graduated at the University of Parma Italy with a dissertation based on a zooarchaeology project. My dissertation focused on the analysis of the animal remains from Sotćiastel, an important Bronze Age fortified site in northern Italy. The results of my work have been published in a dedicated monograph.

In 2011 I moved in Sheffield and, as visiting researcher, I took part to several activities organised by the Zooarchaeology Research Group such as: the curation of the zooarchaeology skeletal collection; the preparation of enamel samples from cattle teeth for Sr isotopic analysis (aided by a University Research and Innovation grant); laboratory demonstration for undergraduate and master students (Modules: 'Introduction to Zooarchaeology' and 'Advanced Zooarchaeology'); lecturing and demonstrating during the zooarchaeology short courses (Understanding Zooarchaeology I and Advanced Zooarchaeology) at the Department of Archaeology, University of Sheffield; the publication of a research paper based on the analysis of a large collection of cattle horn cores from an 18th century site Greenwich High Road, London, conducted in collaboration with Dr. Sarah Viner.

In October 2012 I was awarded a combined PhD grant by the University of Sheffield and the AHRC. My PhD project, conducted under the supervision of Dr. Umberto Albarella, focused on the development of a new methodology based on biometry to distinguish sheep and goat bones and, the application of this method to a number of archaeological assemblages to start clarifying the role that this animal played in England during the Middle Ages. A paper stemming from my PhD dissertation has recently been published in the Journal PLoS One, while another one has been recently submitted to the same Journal.

After my PhD, I applied to several Post-Doc grants and in November 2017 I was awarded a 2 year Post-Doc grant by the Gerda Henkel Stiftung. In January 2018, I started to work on my Post-Doc project called ‘From pannage to sty keeping: a multi-methodological approach to the study of pig husbandry changes during the Late Medieval - Early Modern transition in England’.


With my Post Doc project I intend to study the changes in pig management which took place during the transition between the late (1400-1500 AD) and post medieval periods (1500-1750 AD) in England, using a zooarchaeological approach.

This period of transition is very important as it brought up new ways of thinking, which are very incompletely understood. Specifically, in this period mechanisms of breed selection and livestock improvement began, providing the foundations for the creation of modern domestic pig populations.

This project will move from site-based studies to a regional scale approach, and will use a diversity of established methods, such as species abundance, age at death profiles, and dietary reconstructions, and approaches previously untried -- at least in an integrated form -- such as two-dimensional geometric morphometrics.

With this project I will tackle the key research question of how the change from a free-range based husbandry style to the enclosure of pigs in sties occurred; transition which had important implications for the nature of the human-animal relationship, food production, settlement pattern and landscape use.


I graduated with a degree in archaeology from the University of Parma, Italy, in 2007. The title of my dissertation was "The faunal remain of Sotćiastel (BZ), Italy", and was supervised by Dr. Alessandro Bonardi and Dr. Umberto Tecchiati. The dissertation focussed on part of the faunal assemblage from a Bronze Age site near Bolzano, North Italy. It was made possible by a scholarship from Claudia Augusta public library of Bolzano and the assignment of the publication of my dissertation.


Research Monographs 

Salvagno, L. (Forthcoming). The neglected goat: a methodological approach to the understanding of the role of this species in English medieval husbandry. Access Archaeology, Archaeopress.

Salvagno, L. 2016. The neglected goat: a methodological approach to the understanding of the role of this species in English medieval husbandry. White Rose eThesis Online:(

Salvagno, L. and Tecchiati U. 2011. I resti faunistici del villaggio dell’eta del Bronzo di Sotćiastel: economia e vita di una comunitá protostorica alpina (ca. XVII-XIV sec. a.C.)/ The faunal remains
from the Bronze Age settlement of Sotćiastel (Bolzano, northern Italy): economy and life of an alpine prehistoric community (ca. XVII-XIV sec. a.C.). Ladinia, San Martin de Tor: Istitut Ladin Micurà de Rü.

Peer-reviewed Publications

Salvagno, L. And Albarella, U. (Submitted). Was the English medieval goat genuinely rare? A new morphometric approach provides the answer. PLoS One.

Tecchiati, U, and Salvagno, L. (Forthcoming). Deposito rituale o deposito speciale? Il contributo dell’archeozoologia alla definizione dei contesti cultuali: alcuni casi di studio della preistoria e protostoria italiana. Atti dell’ 8° Convegno Nazionale di Archeozoologia (AIAZ. Lecce 11th-14th November).

Salvagno, L and Tecchiati, U 2017. resti faunistici dell’abitato del Neolitico Tardo, dell’Età del Bronzo e di Età medievale, moderna e contemporanea di Castelrotto-Grondlboden (BZ). Preistoria
Alpina, 49: 37-50.

Salvagno L. and Albarella U. 2017. A morphometric system to distinguish between sheep and goat post cranial bones. PLos One 12(6): 1-37.( 

Salvagno L., Viner-Daniels S. and Albarella U. 2017. Building and tanning in the 18th and 19th centuries: an analysis of cattle horncores from Greenwich High Road (London). Journal of Post Medieval Archaeology 51(1): 145-163. (

Peer-reviewed Publications from Conference Proceedings

Salvagno L. 2014. The role of goat in English medieval husbandry and economy: current challenges and future directions, Assemblage PZAF, 101-110.

Salvagno, L., Tecchiati, U., Bianchin Citton, E., and Persichetti, A. 2012. I resti faunistici dell’età del Ferro da Este - Via Caldevigo (PD, Italy). Annali dell'Università degli Studi di Ferrara, Museologia Scientifica e Naturalistica 12/1, Atti del 7° Convegno Nazionale di Archeozoologia. (

Book/Monograph Chapters

Salvagno, L. 2013. Micro-mammals. In: Armit, I. & J. McKenzie (eds.) An Inherited Place: Broxmouth hillfort and the southeast Scottish Iron Age. Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 469-471.

Salvagno L. 2013. Bird bone. In Armit, I. & J. McKenzie (eds.) An Inherited Place: Broxmouth hillfort and the southeast Scottish Iron Age, Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 471-473.

Other Publications 

Tecchiati, U. and Salvagno, L. 2013. Resti faunistici del IV-II sec. a.C. provenienti dal sito di Utijëi/St. Ulrich/Ortisei, Ciamp de Mauriz. Ladinia, XXXVII, San Martin de Tor: Istitut Ladin Micurà de Rü.

Salvagno, L. 2009. I resti faunistici. In E. Banzi, M.Livaccari and U.Tecchiati (eds). Villabassa. Atti Accademia Roveretana Agiati, VIII, vol. IX, A, fasc. I, 245.

Technical Reports

Salvagno, L. 2017. Animal bone from Torksey, Lincolnshire. In: Report on an excavation near Torksey, Lincolnshire, 7-14 November 2016. University of Sheffield and University of York.

Salvagno, L. and Albarella, U. 2017. Animal bone from Old Palace Lodge, Church Street, Dunstable, Bedfordshire. KDK Archaeology Ltd. Report.

Salvagno, L. 2016. Animal bones at Pirton, Hertfordshire. KDK Archaeology Ltd. Report.

Salvagno, L. 2012. Animal bones from Thornton Abbey, tranches A and B (THOR11). University of Sheffield.

Salvagno L. and Tecchiati U. 2012. La fauna dell’Età del Bronzo Antico-Medio di Castelrotto,Bolzano.


Salvagno L. And Tecchiati U. 2014. The faunal remains from Villa di Villa of Cordignano (TV, Italy): Zooarchaeological insight into a 2nd century B.C. to 1st century A.D. sanctuary: preliminary results. Poster presented at the 1st ICAZ Roman period working group, Sheffield, 20th-22nd November 2014.

Salvagno L. 2012. The neglected goat: a methodological approach to the understanding of the role of this species in English medieval husbandry. Poster presented at Postgraduate Zooarchaeology Forum, Sheffield, 3rd-4th November 2012.

Salvagno L. 2011. Surplus production, tanning and the use of waste material for construction:  a horn core drain from Greenwich High Road, south east London. Poster presented at the Association for Environmental Archaeology, Amsterdam 21st-23rd October 2011.