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I am a Reader in Sociolinguistics.
I joined the department in February 2004, following a Lectureship at the University of Manchester. My PhD research was also completed at Manchester. During the course of my PhD, I also studied at Stanford University, USA.
My research explores how individuals and communities use language to construct social styles, differences, and affiliations. My work is interdisciplinary (drawing upon methodologies from anthropology and sociology, in addition to linguistics), often collaborative, and has evolved through Research Projects 1-4 below.
Research project 1 (1999-): Language, adolescence, and the social meaning of syntax
My PhD research on adolescent language use used an ethnographic methodology to examine the ways in which young people used language to reflect and construct social identity. Most significantly, it demonstrated that features of grammar can carry social meaning in ways that had only previously be proven for accent features. I collected a large corpus of data during my PhD, and I continue to analyse and publish on the linguistic phenomena in this dataset.
External Funding: AHRC PhD student scholarship 1999-2002 (£32,000 + fees); British Academy Small Grant 2007 (£2782).
Research project 2 (2008-): Language and community identity
This project traces language variation and change on the Isles of Scilly. In addition to documenting an unstudied variety of English (which is of particular significance because of the islands’ geographical isolation and their peculiar history of language contact), the project developed methodologies for working with communities by using community fieldworkers and existing archive resources.
External Funding: AHRC Research Grant 2012-2015 (£199,921)
Research project 3 (2014-): Language and social inequality
This project has evolved from a long term interest in challenging ‘deficit’ views of the language of young people in areas which are considered to be deprived. It has included working with the Park Youth Club in Sheffield in collaboration with a practitioner (Dr. Sarah Spencer, a Speech and Language Therapist), and civic partners in Sheffield (Tracy Brown from the Manor and Castle Development Trust). This work focused upon the ways in which young people’s language serves to reflect allegiances to place and community. Most recently, I have been focused on challenging educational policy in order to answer questions about the relationship between a child’s dialect and their success at school. To this end, I am working towards a project with Dr. Julia Snell (Leeds), Dr. Sarah Spencer (Sheffield), and Dr. and Mr. Ian Cushing (UCL).
Research project 4 (2016-): Language perceptions
As part of Research Project 2, we developed a piece of software which can be used to test language perceptions. The research community’s interest in this product has resulted in the development of a collaborative project to further test and develop this software as freeware. This will involve connected projects running in four different cities, in three different countries. All the projects will seek to explore how language becomes linked to social categories, in order to examine which processes are universal and which are tied to specific locations. My collaborators on this project are: Dr. Chris Montgomery (Sheffield), Dr. Bronwyn Evans, UCL; Dr. Erez Levon, Queen Mary, University of London; and Dr. Nicolai Pharao, University of Copenhagen.
Editorial Board membership
Language in Society, Cambridge University Press (2015-)
Gender and Language, Equinox Publications (2011-2017)
I am a member of the AHRC Peer Review College (2017-). I also review regularly for the ESRC.
Language Variation and Change journal; Journal of English Linguistics; Journal of Sociolinguistics; Edinburgh University Press; Wiley-Blackwell.
External Examining (taught programmes):
I was the external examiner for the MA in English Language at Lancaster University, UK (2013-2017).
Learned Societies memberships
Elected fellow of the Royal Anthropological Institute (2014).
Member of the Linguistic Society of America (2017)
Member of the International Gender and Language Association (2003-).
I’m committed to teaching innovation and, much like my research, my teaching tends to be data-led. I teach on both the BA in English Language and Linguistics and the MA in English Language and Linguistics. I contribute to ‘Varieties of English’, and convene ‘Sociolinguistics’, and ‘Language and Gender’ at undergraduate level. I convene ‘Linguistics in Context’ and ‘Linguistics in Practice’ at graduate level.
I have supervised three University of Sheffield-funded Student Undergraduate Research Experience (SURE) projects:
2014 Kate Moore, “How do female performers use language to project authentic identities as rap artists in a male-dominated industry?”
2014 Annabelle Jones, “The role of language style in the maintenance of gender inequalities in the academic workplace”
2009 Shivonne Gates, “An online oral history database, hosting the contents of the Museum’s oral history archive (see: www.hrionline.ac.uk/scillyvoices).”
I currently supervise in the areas of variationist sociolinguistics, ethnography, dialectology, gender and sexuality, and ethnicity, and welcome PhD applicants who wish to undertake interdisciplinary work in language and linguistics. My PhD students include:
- Lucy Jones (now Associate Professor in Sociolinguistics, University of Nottingham): The construction of identity in a lesbian community of practice: A sociocultural linguistics approach
- Sam Kirkham (AHRC doctoral award; now Lecturer in Sociophonetics at Lancaster University): A sociophonetic ethnography of language variation and ethnicity in Sheffield
- Kate Burland: Dialect variation in an ex-mining community in Barnsley
- Isabelle van der Bom (Faculty studentship): Non-British identity and language use: A Text Word theory approach
- Sonia Chib: Dialect writing in Sheffield
- Hannah Leach (Wolfson Scholarship): Language and identity in Stoke-on-Trent
- Cheryl Mahmoud: Dialect and identity in the Birmingham Grime Music scene
- Holly Dann (co-supervised with Chris Montgomery; WRoCAH scholarship): Language variation and change in Cornish English.
- Hielke Vriesendorp (co-supervised with Chris Montgomery; University Prize Scholarship): Locating sociolinguistic knowledge: how language users store and process the social meaning of linguistic variation.
- Nathaniel Dzuira (WRoCAH scholarship): Does involvement with British culture and the LGBTQ+ community affect the use of linguistic features in Polish second-language speakers of English?
- Montgomery, Chris and Emma Moore (in press) “Evaluating S(c)illy Voices: Real-time reactions to regional speech”. Language 94 (3) (http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/126801/)
- Moore, Emma and Paul Carter (in press) “Natural phonetic tendencies and social meaning: Exploring the allophonic raising split of PRICE and MOUTH on the Isles of Scilly”. Language Variation and Change 30 (3). (http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/133952/)
- Kirkham, Sam and Emma Moore (2016) “Constructing social meaning in political discourse: Phonetic variation and verbal processes in Ed Miliband’s political speeches” Language in Society 45 (1): 87-111. (http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/131345/)
- Moore, Emma & Paul Carter (2015) “Dialect contact and distinctiveness: The social meaning of language variation in an island community”. Journal of Sociolinguistics 19 (1): 3-36. (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/josl.12107/epdf)
- Moore, Emma (2012) “The social life of style.” Language and Literature 21 (1): 66-83. (http://goo.gl/MKp50t)
- Moore, Emma (2010) “The Interaction between Social Category and Social Practice: Explaining was/were Variation”. Language Variation and Change 22: 347-371. (http://goo.gl/aiibPj)
- Moore, Emma and Robert J. Podesva (2009) “Style, indexicality and the social meaning of tag questions”. Language in Society 38 (4): 447-485. (http://goo.gl/V7BWNM)
- Moore, Emma (2006) “‘You tell all the stories’: Using narrative to understand hierarchy in a Community of Practice”. Journal of Sociolinguistics 10: 611-640.
- Moore, Emma (2004) “Sociolinguistic style: A multidimensional resource for shared identity creation”. Canadian Journal of Linguistics 49: 375-396. (http://goo.gl/VVtuIa)
- Moore, Emma (forthcoming) “The Social Meaning of Syntax.” In: Lauren Hall-Lew, Emma Moore and Robert J. Podesva (eds.) Social Meaning and Linguistic Variation: Theorizing the Third Wave. Cambridge University Press.
- Moore, Emma, and Chris Montgomery (2018) “The dialect of the Isles of Scilly: Exploring the relationship between language production and language perception in a southern insular variety.” In: Laura Wright (ed.) Southern English Varieties Then and Now, 39-73. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton.
- Moore, Emma and Chris Montgomery (2017) “‘Place’ in studies of language variation and change”. In: Chris Montgomery and Emma Moore (eds.), Language and a Sense of Place, 1-11. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Moore, Emma and Paul Carter (2017) “‘The land steward wouldn’t have a woman farmer’: The interaction between language, ideology and gender in an island community.” In: Chris Montgomery and Emma Moore (eds.), Language and a Sense of Place, 258-280. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Kirkham, Sam & Moore, Emma (2013) “Adolescence”. In: J.K. Chambers and Natalie Schilling-Estes (eds.), The Handbook of Language Variation and Change, Second Edition, 277-296. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. (http://goo.gl/T6lpHu)
- Moore, Emma (2012) “On the impossibility of historical sociolinguistics”. In: David Denison, Ricardo Bermudez-Otero, Chris McCully and Emma Moore (eds.) Analysing Older English, 121-125. Cambridge: CUP.
- Moore, Emma (2010) “Variation and Identity”. In: April McMahon and Warren Maguire (eds.), Analysing Variation in English, 219-236. Cambridge: CUP. (http://goo.gl/SuSgmn)
- Moore, Emma (2010) “Communities of Practice and peripherality”. In: Carmen Llamas and Dominic Watt (eds.), Language and Identities, 123-133. Edinburgh: EUP. (http://goo.gl/vsKJvq)
- Moore, Emma and Julia Snell (2010) “ ‘Oh, they’re top, them’: Right dislocated tags and interactional stance. In: Frans Gregersen, Jeffrey Parrott and Pia Quist (eds.), Language Variation - European Perspectives III, 97-110. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. (http://goo.gl/o6tS1x)
- Hall-Lew, Lauren, Emma Moore and Robert J. Podesva (eds.) (forthcoming) Social Meaning and Linguistic Variation: Theorizing the Third Wave. Cambridge University Press.
- Montgomery, Chris and Emma Moore (eds.) (2017), Language and a Sense of Place. Cambridge: CUP.
- Denison, David, Ricardo Bermudez-Otero, Chris McCully and Emma Moore (eds.) (2012) Analysing Older English. Cambridge: CUP.