The Relationship Between Well-Being and Commuting Re-Visited: Does the Choice of Methodology Matter?

Andy Dickerson, Arne Risa Hole and Luke Munford


This paper provides an assessment of a range of alternative estimators for fixed-eff ects ordered models in the context of estimating the relationship between subjective well-being and commuting behaviour. In contrast to previous papers in the literature we fi nd no evidence that longer commutes are associated with lower levels of subjective well-being, in general. From a methodological point of view our results support earlier fi ndings that linear and ordered fixed-eff ects models of life satisfaction give similar results. However, we argue that ordered models are more appropriate as they are theoretically preferable, straightforward to implement and lead to easily interpretable results.