Dr Mark Brown
School of Law
Deputy Head of School and Senior Lecturer
+44 114 222 6716
Full contact details
School of Law
I joined the School of Law in September 2014. Prior to that I had spent four years developing a small law and justice consultancy focused on actors in the international sphere and based in Geneva, while also working as a Chamonix-based professional mountain guide.
Academically, I have spent most of my career in Australia where I was in the criminology program at the University of Melbourne. In 2011 I was a visiting professor at the Institute for Criminology and Criminal Law at the University of Lausanne and I held an earlier visiting appointment at Delhi University Law School.
I have published extensively in the area of prisons and penal policy with a focus upon both contemporary and historical penality. In 2014 Routledge published my book Penal Power and Colonial Rule, a study of British uses of law as a strategy of governance on the Indian subcontinent.
In 2013 Ashgate published Penal Culture and Hyperincarceration: The Revival of the Prison (co-authored with colleagues from the University of New South Wales), a modern history of the prison in Australia since about 1970.
Based initially upon my consultancy work in Geneva I have developed an interest the more global aspects of crime and the armatures of justice and punishment.
In that vein I have worked on security sector reform issues and also with the Global Initiative Against Transnational Organised Crime, particularly on environmental crime and on the question of how to reformulate domestic crime control strategies, such as deterrence, to counter transnational criminal threats.
I am currently working on a new book, tentatively titled Remaking Criminology. It builds on work I have been doing on criminology, globalisation and postcolonialism, including my article on ‘Postcolonial Penalities’ in India that won the best article of 2017 prize in the journal Theoretical Criminology.
The new book, which I am due to complete in 2019, proposes a new methodological approach for criminology drawing upon the work of postcolonial scholars who have engaged with the problem of how the global south may come to be known on its own terms, yet within a wider field of knowledge that is western in character.
The book proposes a number of novel approaches, one of which is a shift from a sociology of urban life – which underpins much of criminological theory – to a political economy grounded in understandings of resource scarcity, that better explains sources of conflict, harm and violence in the global south.
- PhD, Victoria University of Wellington
- BA (Hons), Massey University
- Research interests
- Prisons and penal policy
- Penal history and theory
- Colonial and post-colonial law and justice
- Comparative jurisprudence
- Global criminology
- Transnational organised crime
- Security sector reform
- Fragile and post-conflict states
I invite expressions of interest from students interested in working within any of the areas of my research interest noted above.
- Penal Power and Colonial Rule. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.
- Penal culture and hyperincarceration: The revival of the prison. Routledge.
- The New Punitiveness: Trends, Theories, Perspectives. Willan Pub.
- Dangerous Offenders: Punishment and Social Order. London: Routledge.
- Decision Making in District Prisons Boards. Wellington: New Zealand Department of Justice.
- Cognitie Sociala (Social Cognition). Iasi, RO: Eurocart.
- “An Unqualified Human Good”? On Rule of Law, Globalization, and Imperialism. Law and Social Inquiry, 43(4), 1391-1426. View this article in WRRO
- Colonial states, colonial rule, colonial governmentalities: Implications for the study of historical state crime. State Crime Journal, 7(2), 173-198. View this article in WRRO
- Postcolonial penality: Liberty and repression in the shadow of independence, India c. 1947. Theoretical Criminology, 21(2), 186-208. View this article in WRRO
- Penal Culture and Hyperincarceration: The Revival of the Prison. By Chris Cunneen, Eileen Baldry, David Brown, Mark Brown, Melanie Schwartz and Alex Steel (Ashgate, 2013, 238pp. £70 ). British Journal of Criminology, 54(4), 689-691.
- Representation of Female Offender Types Within the Pathways Model of Assault. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 55(6), 925-948.
- Imprisoning rationalities. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 44(1), 24-40.
- Introduction to the Special Issue of the Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 44(1).
- Introduction. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 44(1), 4-6.
- Preventive Detention and the Control of Sex Crime. Alternative Law Journal, 36(1), 10-15.
- Mentoring, Social Capital and Desistance: A Study of Women Released from Prison. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 43(1), 31-50.
- Assisting and supporting women released from prison: Is mentoring the answer?. Current Issues in Criminal Justice: Special Issue – Women and Imprisonment, 22(2), 1-16.
- The Pathways Model of Assault. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 24(9), 1423-1449.
- 'That heavy machine': Reprising the colonial apparatus in 21st century social control. Social Justice, 32, 41-52.
- The good lives model and conceptual issues in offender rehabilitation. Psychology, Crime & Law, 10(3), 243-257.
- Crime, Liberalism and Empire: Governing the Mina Tribe of Northern India. Social & Legal Studies, 13(2), 191-218.
- 'We are neutral therapists': Psychology, the state and social control (vol 37, pg 165, 2002). AUSTRALIAN PSYCHOLOGIST, 38(2), 80-80.
- Ethnology and colonial administration in nineteenth-century British India: the question of native crime and criminality. The British Journal for the History of Science, 36(2), 201-219.
- “We are Neutral Therapists”: Psychology, the State and Social Control. Australian Psychologist, 37(3), 165-171.
- The politics of penal excess and the echo of colonial penality. Punishment & Society, 4(4), 403-423.
- Crime, Governance and the Company Raj. The Discovery of Thuggee. British Journal of Criminology, 42(1), 77-95.
- Race, Science and the Construction of Native Criminality in Colonial India. Theoretical Criminology, 5(3), 345-368.
- The Most Desperate Characters in All India. Punishment & Society, 3(3), 433-440.
- Recent Trends in Sentencing and Penal Policy in New Zealand. International Criminal Justice Review, 10(1), 1-31.
- Victoria's Project Pathfinder: In the Kingdom of the Blind…. Current Issues in Criminal Justice, 10(2), 202-206.
- Serious violence and dilemmas of sentencing: A comparison of three incapacitation policies. Criminal Law Review, 1998(10), 710-722.
- Problem Oriented Policing and Organisational Form: Lessons From a Victorian Experiment. Current Issues in Criminal Justice, 9(1), 21-33.
- Varieties of truth: Psychology-law discourse as a dispute over the forms and content of knowledge. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 2(2), 219-245.
- Refining the risk concept: decision context as a factor mediating the relation between risk and program effectiveness. Crime and Delinquency, 42(3).
- Taking Fear of Crime Seriously: The Tasmanian Approach to Community Crime Prevention. Crime & Delinquency, 42(3), 398-420.
- SERIOUS OFFENDING AND THE MANAGEMENT OF PUBLIC RISK IN NEW ZEALAND. British Journal of Criminology, 36(1), 18-36.
- Prevention and the security state: Observations on an emerging jurisprudence of risk. Champ pénal(Vol. VIII).
- Southern Criminology in the Post-colony: More Than a ‘Derivative Discourse’?, The Palgrave Handbook of Criminology and the Global South (pp. 83-104). Springer International Publishing View this article in WRRO
- The iron cage of prison studies In Scott D (Ed.), Why Prison? (pp. 149-169). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Liberal exclusions and the new punitiveness In Pratt J, Morrison W, Hallsworth S, Brown M & Brown D (Ed.), The New Punitiveness: Trends, Theories, Perspectives (pp. 272-289).
- When Prison is not Prison: Australian Courts’ Rejection of Material Experience and Effects as Elements of Punishment In Masson I (Ed.), Experiencing Prison. Oxford: Inter-Disciplinary Press.
- Imprisonment and Detention In de Lint W & Marmo M (Ed.), Crime and Justice. Sydney: Thomson/Reuters.
- Theorising dangerousness, Handbook of Public Protection (pp. 40-59).
- Corrections (pp. 454.1-454). Royal College of General Practitioners
- Crime, Governance and the Company Raj In Wagner K (Ed.), Stranglers and Bandits: A Historical Anthology of Thuggee Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- The Road Less Travelled: Arts-based Programs in Youth Correction In O'Brien A & Donelan K (Ed.), The Arts and Youth at Risk: Global and Local Challenges Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
- Risk, Punishment and Liberty In Cunneen C & Anthony T (Ed.), The Australasian Critical Criminology Reader Sydney: Federation Press.
- True crime: W.H. Sleeman and the Thugs In Brittlebank K (Ed.), Significant Events and People of British India Melbourne: Monash University Press.
- Desirable Literacies: Approaches to Language and Literacy in the Early Years SAGE Publications Ltd
- Prisons In Galligan B & Roberts W (Ed.), The Oxford Companion to Australian Politics Melbourne: Oxford University Press.
- Liberal Exclusions and the New Punitiveness In Pratt J, Brown D, Brown M, Hallsworth S & Morrison W (Ed.), The New Punitiveness: Current Trends, Theories, Perspectives Collompton Devon: Willan Publishing.
- The Assessment of Dangerous Behaviour In Fittskirk P & Shohov SP (Ed.), Focus on Behavioural Pychology Huntington, NY: Nova Science.
- The Assessment of Dangerous Behaviour In Shohoy P (Ed.), Advances in Psychology Research Huntington, NY: Nova Science.
- Calculations of Risk in Contemporary Penal Practice In Brown M & Pratt J (Ed.), Dangerous Offenders: Punishment and Social Order London: Routledge.
- On Punitiveness and Inclusiveness: Offenders and Victims in New Zealand Criminal Justice In Rounds D & Delbert L (Ed.), International Criminal Justice: Issues in Global Perspective USA: Allyn and Bacon.
- The Use of Imprisonment: Trends and Cross-national Comparisons In Melossi D (Ed.), The Sociology of Punishment: Socio-Structural Perspectives Brookfield, USA: Dartmouth.
- Law Enforcement and the Prevention of Drug Related Harm, Crime Prevention in Australia: Issues in Policy and Research Sydney: The Federation Press.
- The Use of Imprisonment: Trends and Cross-national Comparisons In Tonry M (Ed.), Crime and Justice: An Annual Review of Research Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
- Crime and Empire 1840 - 1940 Willan
- Introduction, Outdoor Provision in the Early Years (pp. 1-11). SAGE Publications Ltd
- The Risk-Need Model of Offender Rehabilitation: A Critical Analysis, Sexual Deviance: Issues and Controversies (pp. 338-353). SAGE Publications, Inc.
- Introduction, Transcending Postmodernism Palgrave Macmillan
- View this article in WRRO ‘The birth of criminology in South Asia: c1765—1947’ In Shahidullah SM (Ed.), Crime, Criminal Justice, and the Evolving Science of Criminology in South Asia: India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh
- Provisional Authority. Police, Order, and Security in India. By BeatriceJauregui. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 2016.. Law & Society Review, 51(3), 735-738.
Conference proceedings papers
- Toward a new economy of suspended rights: sex offenders and post-sentence confinement and control. http://hdl.handle.net/2123/4007. University of Sydney
- Before citizenship: liberalism's colonial subjects. http://coombs.anu.edu.au/SpecialProi/ASAA/biennial-conference/2006/proceedings.html. University of Wollongong
- Refining the Risk Concept: Decision Context as a Factor Mediating the Relation Between Risk and Program Effectiveness. Crime & Delinquency, Vol. 42(3) (pp 435-455)
- Teaching interests
My teaching is underpinned by three key supports – a philosophy, a strategy and a style.
Philosophically, I believe that students learn best through engagement with their topic and the teaching materials that support it. Learning is enhanced if students can easily ‘find a way in’ to topics.
I believe that in criminology and law this is most effectively achieved by organising teaching around a series of narratives, or stories, that draw the student into a topic and help them to see the problem both in its wider context and its important detail.
Strategically, I think that teaching needs to balance foundational information about how legal and criminal justice processes operate with development of the conceptual tools for critique of those processes.
The modules I coordinate are thus structured around provision of both the ‘nuts and bolts’ knowledge that students need to take away as well as opportunities to learn and practice the techniques of analysis and critique. Assessment is designed so that students can demonstrate their grasp of both elements.
Finally, I aim for a teaching style that is open and, as far as possible within the large group lecture format, interactive.
My module websites provide students with the important points for each lecture – not lecture notes – and I speak to these in the lecture.
Students shouldn’t have their heads down taking notes in a lecture: you can’t listen properly when you’re doing that. And you certainly can’t engage in a dialogue.
I think effective teaching involves shifting lectures from being a content transfer exercise (from my lecture notes to the student’s lecture notes) to being an opportunity to listen and think and discuss.
- Teaching activities
The modules I teach are:
- Criminal Law and Justice
- Law School Without It No Success 1
- Understanding Criminology
- Criminal Law (Advanced)
- Introducing Criminological Research
- Miscarriages of Justice and Their Consequences
- Punishment and Penal Policy
- Issues in Comparative Penology (Convenor)
- Crime and Globalisation (Convenor)