Dr Melanie Froude
Melanie Froude obtained her BSc in Geography from the University of Durham in 2009 and stayed with the department to complete an MSc by Research supervised by Dr Nick Rosser and Dr Patrice Carbonneau. Her thesis, titled Predicting slope behaviour: deriving strain-rate from the surface expression of failing rock masses, considered applications of the inverse-velocity method to forecast the timing of slope collapse.
Melanie then moved to the School of Environmental Sciences at the University of East Anglia to undertake a NERC-funded PhD, titled Lahar dynamics in the Belham River Valley, Montserrat: Application of remote camera based monitoring for improved sedimentological interpretation of post-event deposits. The project was supervised by Professor Jenni Barclay, Professor Jan Alexander and Dr Paul Cole (Montserrat Volcano Observatory/ Plymouth University).
After a short period in industry, Melanie returned to academia as a Research Associate in Landslide Hazards and Impacts for Professor David Petley. This post began initially with the School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia before moving to the Department of Geography, University of Sheffield in November 2016.
Melanie is involved in a number of projects including:
- The Global Fatal Landslide Database
- Newton/NERC funded project, investigating earthquake-induced landslides in Chile
- Archaeology of Medieval Earthquakes in Europe (1000-1550 AD)
I am interested in the onset, dynamics and impact of landslides and sediment-laden flash floods.
The Global Fatal Landslide Database
Compiled consistently since 2004 the database contains details of landslides which resulted in one or more human fatalities. Systematic metadata search tools are used to identify and filter relevant mass media reports on a daily basis (Petley et al., 2005; Petley, 2010; 2012; Froude and Petley, in review). Between 2004 and 2015, 4,437 non-seismic fatal landslides were documented, causing the death of 53,784 people. Seventy-four percent of global landslides (3,271 landslides) recorded between 2004 and 2015 were located in Asia, and the large majority were triggered by rainfall (78.9%); although human actions were significant in conditioning and triggering slopes to fail.
The database is a useful resource in our understanding of spatial and temporal trends in landslide occurrence. Currently we are investigating landslide occurrence in Nepal in relation to patterns of monsoon rainfall (in collaboration with Akiyo Yatagai, Hirosaki University, Japan), and road expansion; providing an update on Petley et al. (2007). Work has also been undertaken to constrain the spatial precision of each landslide event to improve analysis (Froude & Petley, in prep).
The database will be released open source later this year, hosted on a website designed by University of Sheffield Computer Science undergraduate students. The new interface will enable users to not only download data but also submit new entries to the dataset.
Low cost camera-based monitoring of geophysical flows
MSc in Applied GIS
Department of Geography liaison officer for the MSc in Applied GIS led by the Department of Urban Studies and Planning
Dissertation supervisor for MSc Applied GIS (GEO6027 Dissertation, GEO6022 Research Proposal for Applied GIS)
Lecturer on TRP623 Applications of GIS
Lecturer on GEO380 New Zealand field class
Guest lecturer on GEO116 Introduction to Geographical Methods
Froude, M.J., Alexander, J., Barclay, J. and Cole, P. (2017) Interpreting flash flood palaeoflow parameters from antidunes and gravel lenses: An example from Montserrat, West Indies, Sedimentology, accepted and online, http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/sed.12375/abstract DOI: 10.1111/sed.12375
Froude, M.J. and Petley, D.N. On the loss of life from landslides from 2004 to 2015, Landslides, in review
Jones, R., Manville, V., Peakall, J., Froude, M.J., Odbert, H. (2017) Real-time prediction of rain-triggered lahars: incorporating seasonality and catchment recovery, Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, in review and discussion (contribute here: http://www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci-discuss.net/nhess-2017-166/ )
Froude, M.J. and Petley, D.N. Spatial precision in hazard reporting: the landslide case, in prep
Froude, M.J., Barclay, J., Cole, P., Stinton, A., Smith, P., Odbert, H., Pascal, K., Alexander, J. Catchment dynamics driving channel response and recovery to multi-phase volcanic perturbations, in prep
27 January 2016, Landslides in Chile 4: The Punta Cola rock avalanche in Aysén Fjord http://blogs.agu.org/landslideblog/2016/01/27/punta-cola-rock-avalanche/
2 February 2016, Landslides in Chile Part 5: Water waves triggered by landslides and the Mentirosa Island Landslide complex http://blogs.agu.org/landslideblog/2016/02/02/mentirosa-island-landslide/
I have experience from a number of past projects working with historic maps and deeds. On completion of my PhD, I was employed as a GIS Technician on the Minerals Registration Project in the Property and Investment Department of the Church Commissions, Church of England. I maintain an interest in historic mapping and have assisted on several projects with archaeologists and historians.